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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

量-bronze.svg 量-bigseal.svg 量-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(speak) +  ‎(weight) – to speak the weight, to measure. In current form graphically  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 166 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日一田土 (AMWG), four-corner 60104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1292, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40138
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1794, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3683, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91CF

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (量), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 呂章切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨɐŋ/ /li̯aŋ/ /liaŋ/ /liɐŋ/ /lɨaŋ/ /lĭaŋ/ /liɑŋ/
Character (量), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 力讓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨɐŋH/ /li̯aŋH/ /liaŋH/ /liɐŋH/ /lɨaŋH/ /lĭaŋH/ /liɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liáng ‹ ljang › /*[r]aŋ/ measure (v.)
liàng ‹ ljangH › /*[r]aŋ-s/ measure (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8064 0 /*raŋ/ 甲金文下從東,上日甲文作囗,象估量下種範圍,非曏聲
8065 0 /*raŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. measure, quantity, capacity

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to measure

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana りょう, romaji ryō)

  1. volume, amount

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana りょう, romaji ryō)

  1. amount, volume, portion of food

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryang, yang) (hangeul , , revised ryang, yang, McCune-Reischauer ryang, yang, Yale lyang, yang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lường, lượng, nhân)

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