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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
斗-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 68 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜十 (YJ), four-corner 34000)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 477, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 835, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2252, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6597

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
斗-oracle.svg 斗-bronze.svg 斗-silk.svg 斗-bigseal.svg 斗-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) (Shuowen), indicating a ladle-shaped dou (see below) held by hand.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𤣫
𠦁
𣁬

Pronunciations 1 ("dipper, ladle") and 2 ("water ladle") are cognate. Variant character: (dǒu, “ladle”). They probably belong to the same word family as (zhù, “to pour”), as a derived noun. Within Sino-Tibetan, compare Tibetan ཆུ ‎(chu, water), འཆུ་བ ‎('chu ba, to scoop up, to ladle water).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (5)
Final: (137)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dǒu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/təuX/ /təuX/ /təuX/ /təwX/ /tuX/ /təuX/ /tə̯uX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dǒu ‹ tuwX › /*tˤoʔ/ bushel; ladle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2451 0 /*toːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A dipper or cup-like object, used in ancient China as a wine vessel.
    •   ―  dǒuliàng  ―  to measure with dou; numerous
    •   ―  dǒushāo  ―  dou and xiao; humble; insignificant
  2. A unit of measure based on dou.
    •   ―  shēngdǒu  ―  sheng and dou; a small amount
  3. A unit of dry measure (for grains, especially rice) roughly equal to 1 decaliter.
  4. Any dou-shaped object; dipper, ladle.
      ―  lòudǒu  ―  funnel
      ―  yùndǒu  ―  flatiron
    • /   ―  yāndǒu  ―  tobacco pipe
    • /   ―  fēngdǒu  ―  wind scoop
    •   ―  shuǐdǒu  ―  water ladle
    •   ―  dǒu  ―  carpenter's ink marker
    •   ―  chōudǒu  ―  drawer
    •   ―  dǒu  ―  wide-brimmed rain hat
    •   ―  dǒupéng  ―  cape, cloak
  5. Abbreviation of 刁斗 (“cauldron, cymbal”).
  6. (round or spiral shaped) fingerprint, dactylogram
  7. Alternative form of (“the system of wood brackets on the top of a column supporting the crossbeam”).
    •   ―  dǒugǒng  ―  corbel bracket
  8. (figuratively) small, short, narrow
    •   ―  dǒushì  ―  small room
  9. (figuratively) big, high, to be full of
  10. (北斗) The Big Dipper, an asterism of seven stars.
  11. Stars in general.
    •   ―  xīngdǒu  ―  stars
  12. (斗宿) The Dipper (Chinese constellation), one of the twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations.
  13. (南斗) A subconstellation of the above mansion, consisting of six stars.
  14. (小北斗) The Little Dipper, a constellation of six stars.
  15. A Chinese constellation consisting of five stars.
  16. (斗姆) Doumu, a goddess in Taoism.
  17. Radical 68, a Chinese character radical.
  18. Alternative form of (dǒu, “steep, cliffy”).
  19. Alternative form of (dǒu, “suddenly, in a sudden”).
  20. Alternative form of (dǒu, “to tremble, to shake off”).
  21. Abbreviation of 科斗 (“tadpole”).

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔ ‹ tsyuX › /*toʔ/ ladle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (“ladle or spoon used for scooping water”).
  2. A unit of measure for liquids.
  3. Alternative form of (zhǔ, “master, God”).

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("to fight").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. an obsolete unit of liquid measure equal to 18 liters or 18000 cc.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(du) (hangeul , revised du, McCune-Reischauer tu, Yale twu)

  1. ( 두): measure of about 18 liters; such measuring vessel
  2. (조두 두): cauldron; cymbal
  3. (구기 두): dipper, ladle
  4. (이름 두): asterism around Polaris such as Big Dipper and Little Dipper

Synonyms[edit]

  • (cauldron):

Related terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đẩu, đấu, điếu, tẩn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.