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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
斗-order.gif
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional /

Han character[edit]

(radical 68 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 卜十 (YJ), four-corner 34000)

  1. Kangxi radical #68, ‎(dipper).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 477, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 835, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2252, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6597

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
斗-oracle.svg 斗-bronze.svg 斗-silk.svg 斗-bigseal.svg 斗-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) (Shuowen), indicating a ladle-shaped dou (see below) held by hand.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𤣫
𠦁
𣁬

Pronunciations 1 ("dipper, ladle") and 2 ("water ladle") are cognate. Variant character: (dǒu, “ladle”). They probably belong to the same word family as (zhù, “to pour”), as a derived noun. Within Sino-Tibetan, compare Tibetan ཆུ ‎(chu, water), འཆུ་བ ‎('chu ba, to scoop up, to ladle water).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/təuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/təuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/təuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwX/
Li
Rong
/tuX/
Wang
Li
/təuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤoʔ/
English bushel; ladle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2451
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A dipper or cup-like object, used in ancient China as a wine vessel.
    •   ―  dǒuliàng  ―  to measure with dou; numerous
    •   ―  dǒushāo  ―  dou and xiao; humble; insignificant
  2. Any dou-shaped object; dipper, ladle.
      ―  lòudǒu  ―  funnel
      ―  yùndǒu  ―  flatiron
    • /   ―  yāndǒu  ―  tobacco pipe
    • /   ―  fēngdǒu  ―  wind scoop
    •   ―  shuǐdǒu  ―  water ladle
    •   ―  dǒu  ―  carpenter's ink marker
    •   ―  chōudǒu  ―  drawer
    •   ―  dǒu  ―  wide-brimmed rain hat
    •   ―  dǒupéng  ―  cape, cloak
  3. Round or spiral shaped; fingerprint (a dactylogram)
  4. A unit of dry measure (for grains, especially rice) roughly equal to 1 decaliter.
  5. A unit of measure based on dou.
    •   ―  shēngdǒu  ―  sheng and dou; a small amount
  6. (figuratively) small, short, narrow (as with a dipper)
    •   ―  dǒushì  ―  small room
  7. (figuratively) big, high, to be full of (as with a dipper)
  8. Stars in general.
    •   ―  xīngdǒu  ―  stars
  9. (北斗) The Big Dipper, an asterism of seven stars.
  10. (斗宿) The Dipper (Chinese constellation), one of the twenty-eight mansions of the Chinese constellations.
  11. (南斗) A subconstellation of the above mansion, consisting of six stars.
  12. (小北斗) The Little Dipper, a constellation of six stars.
  13. A Chinese constellation (星官) consisting of five stars.
  14. Short for 刁斗 (“cauldron, cymbal”).
  15. Short for 科斗 (“tadpole”).
  16. (斗姆) Doumu, a goddess in Taoism.
  17. Alternative form of (“the system of wood brackets on the top of a column supporting the crossbeam”).
    •   ―  dǒugǒng  ―  corbel bracket
  18. Alternative form of (dǒu, “steep, cliffy”).
  19. Alternative form of (dǒu, “suddenly, in a sudden”).
  20. Alternative form of (dǒu, “to tremble, to shake off”).

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*toʔ/
English ladle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. A unit of measure for liquids.
  2. Alternative form of (“ladle or spoon used for scooping water”).
  3. Alternative form of (zhǔ, “master, God”).

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to fight”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. an obsolete unit of liquid measure equal to 18 liters or 18000 cc.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(du) (hangeul )

  1. ( 두): measure of about 18 liters; such measuring vessel
  2. (조두 두): cauldron; cymbal
  3. (구기 두): dipper, ladle
  4. (이름 두): asterism around Polaris such as Big Dipper and Little Dipper

Synonyms[edit]

  • (cauldron):

Related terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đẩu, đấu, điếu, tẩn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.