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See also: and
U+96B1, 隱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96B1

[U+96B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96B2]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 170, +14, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓中月一心 (NLBMP), four-corner 72237, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1362, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41891
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1865, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4162, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96B1

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
 

𨼆
𤔌 ancient form
𠃊 ancient form

𨼆
𤔌 ancient form
𠃊 ancient form

𠃑

Glyph origin[edit]

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯnʔ, *qɯns): semantic + phonetic ().

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in²¹⁴/
Harbin /in²¹³/
Tianjin /in¹³/
Jinan /iẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /in⁵³/
Xi'an /iẽ⁵³/
Xining /iə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ĩn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /in⁴²/
Chengdu /in⁵³/
Guiyang /in⁴²/
/ŋen⁴²/
Kunming /ĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /in²¹²/
Hefei /in²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /iŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ²³/
Suzhou /in⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔin⁵³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /in³¹/
Xiang Changsha /in⁴¹/
Xiangtan /in²¹/
Gan Nanchang /in²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /iun³¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn³⁵/
Nanning /jɐn³⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ɯŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /un²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨnX/
Li
Rong
/ʔiənX/
Wang
Li
/ĭənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjɨnX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ](r)ə[n]ʔ/
English grieved; suffering

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15314
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to hide; to cover; to shield
  2. to conceal; to cover up
  3. hidden; concealed
  4. profound; subtle; delicate
  5. facts one wishes to hide; feelings or troubles one wishes to keep to oneself; secret
  6. secretly; inwardly

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨnH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiənH/
Wang
Li
/ĭənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yìn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjɨnX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ](r)ə[n]ʔ/
English conceal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15319
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to lean upon

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Kyūjitai form of (to hide; to conceal)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨnX).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 숨을 (sumeul eun))

  1. Hanja form? of (hide).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Old Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conventionally reconstructed as *-n, after the Middle Korean reflexes.

Etymology 1[edit]

From the coda consonant of the Old Chinese reading.

Phonogram[edit]

(*-n)

  1. A consonantal phonogram denoting coda consonant *-n

Etymology 2[edit]

Particle[edit]

(*-(u)n)

  1. Topic marker
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Korean: (-(u)n, topic marker)
    • Korean: (-(eu)n, topic marker)

Usage notes[edit]

In Middle and Modern Korean, the allomorph taken by the topic marker after a vowel may be (-neun) instead of (-n), especially in formal speech. This is the result of reduplication of the topic marker and is unlikely to have been present in Old Korean, although the phonologically opaque nature of the orthography makes it difficult to tell for sure.

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(*-(u)n)

  1. A verbal realis gerund, sometimes used for adnominal functions.
    Examples from non-abbreviated Old Korean gugyeol glosses, with the verb "to do":
    • *ho(y)-n-oy
      of the one who did
    • *ho(y)-n-s
      of the thing which did
    • *ho(y)-n-two
      even the thing which did
    • 無叱
      *ho(y)-n EPs
      nothing that did
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Korean: (-n, verbal realis particle, generally adnominal)
    • Korean: (-n, verbal past and adjectival realis adnominal suffix)

See also[edit]

  • (*-l, irrealis gerund)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: ẩn ((ư)(cẩn)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: ẩn[1][2][4][6], ửng[3][7], ăng[3], ổn[3], ẳng[5]

  1. Hán tự form of ẩn (to seclude oneself; to hide oneself).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]