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U+9B25, 鬥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9B25

[U+9B24]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9B26]
See also: , , , , , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
⾾-order.gif
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional 鬥/

Han character[edit]

(radical 191 +0, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中弓 (LN), four-corner 77114, composition𩰋𩰊)

  1. Kangxi radical #191, (fight).

Descendants[edit]

  • (simplified to this in some characters, such as 闘)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1457, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1989, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4515, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9B25

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
鬥-oracle.svg 鬥-bigseal.svg 鬥-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːɡs
*toːɡs

Pictogram (象形) — two clenched fists.

and are original characters of this form; all others are later corruptions.

Simplified form is via the variant form .

Etymology[edit]

Conflation of two roots "to fight" and "to meet", and the merger has been attested since ancient times.

"To fight": Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *daw(to defy, interfere, be at enmity with), which is the source of Tibetan སྡོ(sdo, to bear up against, bid defiance) and Burmese တော့(tau., to resent an insinuation, interfere in a quarrel).

"To meet": Schuessler (2007) considers this cognate with (“to apply; to be touched; to bring together; to join”); see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tàu - vernacular;
  • tò͘, tiò - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/təuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/təuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/təuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təwH/
Li
Rong
/tuH/
Wang
Li
/təuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤok-s/
English quarrel, wrangle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2481
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*toːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fight, to struggle
    /   ―  zhēngdòu  ―  to fight
    /   ―  zhàndòu  ―  battle
  2. to make animals fight
    /   ―  dòu  ―  cockfighting
    /   ―  dòuniú  ―  bull-fight
  3. to contend, to compete with
    /   ―  dòuzhēng  ―  conflict
    /   ―  dòuzuǐ  ―  to squabble
    • /   ―  dòuzhì  ―  contest of wits
    • /   ―  dòu  ―  to criticize and denounce a person
  4. to strive one's best
    /   ―  fèndòu  ―  to work at one's utmost
  5. (archaic) (of stars) to collide with each other
  6. chaotic, disorderly, helter-skelter
  7. to take the opportunity to ..., to do something while it's ...
  8. to meet, to encounter, to face
  9. to face, to confront, to front, to be opposite
  10. to piece together, to fit together
  11. (dialectal) to help, to assist
  12. (dialectal) very, quite
  13. (dialectal) to collude, to plot
  14. fine tea, tea of the best quality
  15. (dialectal) bird nest
  16. Alternative form of (dòu, “to tease, to play with”).
  17. Alternative form of (dōu, “to solicit (customers or business)”).
  18. Alternative form of (dǒu, “suddenly, in a sudden”).
  19. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. to fight

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(du, tu, gak)
Eumhun:

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đấu, dấu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.