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U+9B25, 鬥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9B25

[U+9B24]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9B26]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
⾾-order.gif
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional 鬥/

Han character[edit]

(radical 191, +0, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中弓 (LN), four-corner 77114, composition𩰋)

  1. Kangxi radical #191, .

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1457, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1989, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4515, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9B25

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp. *
variant forms


Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
鬥-oracle.svg 鬥-seal.svg 鬥-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːɡs
*toːɡs

Pictogram (象形) — two men fight with fists. Some oracle script characters of show that both of their hair are bristled.

and are original characters of this form; all others are later corruptions.

Simplified form is via the variant form .

Etymology[edit]

Conflation of two roots "to fight" and "to meet", and the merger has been attested since ancient times.

"To fight": Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *daw (to defy, interfere, be at enmity with), which is the source of Tibetan སྡོ (sdo, to bear up against, bid defiance) and Burmese တော့ (tau., to resent an insinuation, interfere in a quarrel).

"To meet": Schuessler (2007) considers this cognate with (“to apply; to be touched; to bring together; to join”); see there for more.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tàu - vernacular;
  • tiò/tò͘ - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /təuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /təuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /təuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /təwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /təuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tə̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dòu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dòu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tuwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁok-s/
    English quarrel, wrangle

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2481
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*toːɡs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to fight, to struggle
      /   ―  zhēngdòu  ―  to fight
      /   ―  zhàndòu  ―  battle
    2. to make animals fight
      /   ―  dòu  ―  cockfighting
      /   ―  dòuniú  ―  bull-fight
    3. to contend, to compete with
      /   ―  dòuzhēng  ―  conflict
      /   ―  dòuzuǐ  ―  to squabble
      • /   ―  dòuzhì  ―  contest of wits
      • /   ―  dòu  ―  to criticize and denounce a person
    4. to strive one's best
      /   ―  fèndòu  ―  to work at one's utmost
    5. (archaic) (of stars) to collide with each other
    6. chaotic, disorderly, helter-skelter
    7. to take the opportunity to ..., to do something while it's ...
    8. to meet, to encounter, to face
    9. to face, to confront, to front, to be opposite
    10. to piece together, to fit together
    11. (dialectal) to help, to assist
    12. (dialectal) very, quite
    13. (dialectal) to collude, to plot
    14. fine tea, tea of the best quality
    15. (dialectal) bird nest
    16. Alternative form of (dòu, “to tease, to play with”).
    17. Alternative form of (dōu, “to solicit (customers or business)”).
    18. Alternative form of (dǒu, “suddenly, in a sudden”).
    19. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. to fight

    Readings[edit]

    As a variant/kyūjitai kanji of :

    As a radical:


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (du, tu, gak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đấu, dấu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.