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U+79D1, 科
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79D1

[U+79D0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79D2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
科-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 115, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木卜十 (HDYJ), four-corner 24900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 850, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24950
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1274, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+79D1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
科-seal.svg 科-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoːl, *kʰoːls
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːls

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (grain) +  (measuring tool).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khe/kher - vernacular (rare in Taiwan, not used in Zhangzhou);
  • kho - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (29) (29)
    Final () (95) (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰwa/ /kʰwaH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kuō kuò
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 4926 4930
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3 3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰoːl/ /*kʰoːls/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sort; class; kind
    2. law; regulation
    3. (historical) imperial examination
    4. article; clause
    5. norms; rules
    6. division; branch (of study) (Classifier: )
    7. section; department
    8. (taxonomy) family
    9. to pass a sentence
    10. to check; to examine
    11. to punish; to fine or levy taxes

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. grade
    2. categorized classes or the text of law
    3. graded crimes
    4. examinations graded in classes
    5. divide taxes or crimes
    6. a (circular) hole

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • New Nelson: 4130
    • Halpern: 1138
    • Halpern Learners: 775
    • Heisig: 1179
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 5d4.3
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    Suffix[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -ka)

    1. department, section
    2. (taxonomy) family

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    とが
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana とが, rōmaji toga)

    1. crime; wrongdoing
      • 1916, 森鷗外, 高瀬舟
        高瀬舟 (たかせぶね) ()罪人 (ざいにん) () (はん)は、いわゆる心得違 (こころえちが)いのために、 (おも)わぬ (とが) (おか)した (ひと)であった。
        Takasebune ni noru zainin no kahan wa, iwayuru kokoroechigai no tame ni, omowanu toga o okashita hito deatta.
        The majority of the criminals who rode Takase-bune were people who unwittingly committed crimes due to what we call misunderstandings.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune–Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khoa)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.