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U+79D1, 科
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79D1

[U+79D0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79D2]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
科-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹木卜十 (HDYJ), four-corner 24900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 850, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24950
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1274, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2595, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+79D1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
科-bigseal.svg 科-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰoːl, *kʰoːls
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*kʰoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl, *ɡoːls
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːl
*ɡoːls

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (grain) + (measuring tool).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29)
Final () (95) (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwa/ /kʰwaH/
Li
Rong
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Wang
Li
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuɑ/ /kʰuɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuō kuò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4926 4930
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoːl/ /*kʰoːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sort; class; kind
  2. law; regulation
  3. (historical) imperial examination
  4. article; clause
  5. norms; rules
  6. division; branch (of study)   (Classifier: )
  7. section; department
  8. (taxonomy) family
  9. to pass a sentence
  10. to check; to examine
  11. to punish; to fine or levy taxes

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. grade
  2. categorized classes or the text of law
  3. graded crimes
  4. examinations graded in classes
  5. divide taxes or crimes
  6. a (circular) hole

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 4130
  • Halpern: 1138
  • Halpern Learners: 775
  • Heisig: 1179
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 5d4.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. department, section
  2. (taxonomy) family

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune-Reischauer kwa, Yale kwa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khoa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.