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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土戈口一 (GIRM), four-corner 43150, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 230, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5158
  • Dae Jaweon: page 466, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 451, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+57DF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹³/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
Xining /y²¹³/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /y²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦyəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦioʔ²/
Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /yʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ȵy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /y²⁴/
Xiangtan /y²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /vet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wek̚²/
Nanning /wek̚²²/
Hong Kong /wek̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ik̚⁵/
/hik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hek̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦwɨk̚/ /i̯wək̚/ /ɣiuək̚/ /ɦʷɨk̚/ /ɦwik̚/ /ɣĭwək̚/ /ɣiuek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ hwik › /*[ɢ]ʷrək/ territory

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5554 0 /*ɢʷrɯɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. territory, district, region, land

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. range
  2. region
  3. limits
  4. stage
  5. level

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いき, romaji iki)

  1. region, level

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeok) (hangeul , revised yeok, McCune-Reischauer yŏk)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(vực, bực, vác, vặc, vức)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.