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U+9998, 馘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9998

[U+9997]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9999]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 185 +8, 17 strokes, cangjie input 廿山戈口一 (TUIRM), four-corner 83650, composition)

  1. cut off left ear
  2. tally dead enemy

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1428, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44507
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1954, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4501, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9998

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷɯːɡs, *kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷɯːɡs, *kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷɯːɡs
*kʷɯːɡs
*kʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ
*ɡʷɯːɡ, *ɢʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ, *ɡʷrɯɡ
*qʰʷrɯɡ, *ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɢʷrɯɡ
*ɢʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*ɡʷrɯɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*kʷrɯːɡ
*qʰʷrɯːɡ
*qʷrɯɡ
*qʷɯɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (120)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠwɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/kuɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/kwæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwɛk ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʷˤ<r>ək/
English severed left ears

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5562
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷrɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(goek) (hangeul , revised goek, McCune-Reischauer koek, Yale koyk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.