生物

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Chinese[edit]

 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
thing; object; matter
simp. and trad.
(生物)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (生物, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ʂɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɯaŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃaŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨut̚/ /mi̯uət̚/ /miuət̚/ /miut̚/ /mut̚/ /mĭuət̚/ /miuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (生物, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēng ‹ sræng › /*sreŋ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?)/ bear, be born; live
‹ mjut › /*C.mut/ thing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11312 0 /*sʰleːŋ/
13218 1 /*mɯd/

Noun[edit]

生物 (classifier ())

  1. organism; living being; life form
  2. biology

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

生物

  1. biological; bio- (used as an attributive)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (生物):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
ぶつ
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

生物 ‎(hiragana せいぶつ, romaji seibutsu)

  1. organism, creature

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3