生命

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Chinese[edit]

 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
life; fate
simp. and trad.
(生命)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (21) (4)
Final () (109) (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃˠæŋ/ /mˠiæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃᵚaŋ/ /mᵚiaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃaŋ/ /miaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨjŋ/ /miajŋH/
Li
Rong
/ʃɐŋ/ /miɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/ʃɐŋ/ /mĭɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂɐŋ/ /mi̯ɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēng mìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēng mìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ sræng › ‹ mjængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*sreŋ/ (MC srj- > sr-; or *s.reŋ ?) /*m-riŋ-s/ (dialect: *m-r- > *mr-, *-iŋ> *-eŋ)
English bear, be born; live command (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 11312 8275
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰleːŋ/ /*mreŋs/
Notes

Noun[edit]

生命

  1. (countable, uncountable) life (Classifier: m c;  m c)
    生命寶貴 / 生命宝贵  ―  shēngmìng bǎoguì  ―  life is precious
    浪費生命 / 浪费生命  ―  làngfèi shēngmìng  ―  to waste one's life
    外星生命  ―  wàixīng shēngmìng  ―  extraterrestrial life
    珍惜生命拒絕毒品 [MSC, trad.]
    珍惜生命拒绝毒品 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhēnxī shēngmìng, jùjué dúpǐn. [Pinyin]
    Cherish life, say no to drugs.
    危及某人生命 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    wēijí dào mǒurén de shēngmìng [Pinyin]
    to endanger someone's life

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (生命):

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 1
めい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

生命 (hiragana せいめい, rōmaji seimei)

  1. life; one's existence

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3