元気

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
げん
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
kan’on

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 元氣 (MC ŋʉɐn kʰɨiH, literally “first, fundamental, source + vapor, spirit, energy”). In Chinese cosmology, this represented the fundamental force that permeates all matter and life. Early Japanese borrowed this word and meaning. Later, this spelling was conflated with the meaning of homophone 減気 (genki, recovery from illness), adding in the modern senses related to healthy and wellness.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

元気(げんき) (genki-na (adnominal 元気(げんき) (genki na), adverbial 元気(げんき) (genki ni), kyūjitai 元氣)

  1. healthy
  2. energetic
  3. in a good mood; peppy; lively
    ()(ちょう)今日(きょう)(げん)()だね。
    Buchō wa kyō mo genki da ne.
    Our club president looks pretty peppy today, too.
    (いもうと)(げん)()にさせる
    imōto o genki ni saseru
    to cheer up one's little sister
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

元気(げんき) (genki (kyūjitai 元氣)

  1. the fundamental force that permeates through all matter and life (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought):
  2. health, healthfulness
    (げん)()になる
    genki ni naru
    to get well (recover from sickness)
    (げん)()で!
    O-genki de!
    good luck (to you)!/Take care of yourself./Stay healthy.
    (げん)()
    Genki?
    How are you?
  3. (personal) energy
    (げん)()()
    genki o dasu
    to cheer up; to recover one's strength
  4. good spirits; vitality; cheer; liveliness; enthusiasm
    (げん)()よく(こた)える
    genki yoku kotaeru
    to answer enthusiastically
    (げん)()いっぱいでかわいい
    genki ippai de kawaii
    cute and full of energy

Proper noun[edit]

元気(げんき) (Genki

  1. a male given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Compound of (moto, origin, beginning) +‎ (ki, sense; mood; energy; spirit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

元気(もとき) (Motoki

  1. a male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN