元気

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
げん
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 元氣 ‎(ngjwon khjɨjH, literally first, fundamental, source + vapor, spirit, energy). In Chinese cosmology, this represented the fundamental force that permeates all matter and life. Early Japanese borrowed this word and meaning. Later, this spelling was conflated with the meaning of homophone 減気 ‎(genki, recovery from illness), adding in the modern senses related to healthy and wellness.

Adjectival noun[edit]

元気 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 元氣, -na inflection, hiragana げんき, romaji genki)

  1. healthy
  2. energetic
  3. in a good mood

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

元気 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 元氣, hiragana げんき, romaji genki)

  1. the fundamental force that permiates through all matter and life
  2. health, healthfulness
    元気 (げんき)になる
    genki ni naru
    to get well (recover from sickness)
    元気 (げんき)で!
    ogenki de!
    good luck (to you)!/Take care of yourself./Stay healthy.
    • to get well (recover from sickness)
  3. good spirits
  4. (personal) energy, enthusiasm
    元気 (げんき) ()
    genki o dasu
    to cheer up; to recover one's strength