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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
病-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(sickness) + phonetic  – illness. Note that 丙 also means “fire”, hence connotations of “lying feverishly in bed”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 104 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 大一人月 (KMOB), four-corner 00127, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 772, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22127
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1182, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2664, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+75C5

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (病), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 庚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 皮命切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɣiæŋH/ /bʱi̯ɐŋH/ /biɐŋH/ /bɯiaŋH/ /biajŋH/ /bĭɐŋH/ /biaŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bìng ‹ bjængH › /*[b]raŋ-s/ extreme illness

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
898 0 /*braŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. illness, sickness, disease

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. have a disease; disease
  2. being stiff and not able to move
  3. difficult
  4. suffer
  5. make one suffer

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 3798
  • Halpern: 3277
  • Halpern Learners: 2059
  • Heisig: 1682
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 5i5.3
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana やまい, romaji yamai)

  1. illness; a disease
    彼は患った。
    かれはやまいをわずらった。
    kare wa yamai o wazuratta.
    He is affected with disease.
  2. a bad habit
    彼は人の物をとるがある。
    かれはひとのものをとるやまいがある。
    kare wa hito no mono o toru yamai ga aru.
    He is light-fingered.

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana びょう, romaji -byō)

  1. disease
  2. illness, sickness

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(byeong) (hangeul , revised byeong, McCune-Reischauer pyŏng, Yale pyeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bệnh, bạnh, nạch, bịnh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.