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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bomʔ): semantic  ‎(carriage) + phonetic  ‎(OC *bomʔ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹十十山 (HJJU), four-corner 88512)

  1. pattern, model, rule, law

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 892, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1319, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2989, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7BC4

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fan⁵¹/
Harbin /fan⁵³/
Tianjin /fan⁵³/
Jinan /fã²¹/
Qingdao /fã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fan⁴²/
Xi'an /fã⁴⁴/
Xining /fã²¹³/
Yinchuan /fan¹³/
Lanzhou /fɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /fan²¹³/
Wuhan /fan³⁵/
Chengdu /fan¹³/
Guiyang /fan²¹³/
Kunming /fã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /faŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /fæ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /fæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /fæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ve²³/
Suzhou /ve̞³¹/
Hangzhou /vẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /va³⁵/
Hui Shexian /fɛ²²/
Tunxi /fuːə²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /fan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɸan⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /fan²¹/
Hakka Meixian /fam⁵³/
Taoyuan /fɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fan²²/
Nanning /fan²²/
Hong Kong /fan²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan²²/
/pan²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɑŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuaŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huaŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /faŋ³³/ 模~
/faŋ³⁵/ 師~

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (146)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨɐmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɐmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɐmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buamX/
Li
Rong
/biɐmX/
Wang
Li
/bĭwɐmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯wɐmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjomX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b](r)omʔ/
English casting mold

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2981
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bomʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pattern; model

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(beom) (hangeul , revised beom, McCune-Reischauer pŏm, Yale pem)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạm)

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