わく

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spelling

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

わく (waku

  1. frame (such as a picture frame)
    (ほう)(そう)(わく)
    hōsōwaku
    program block; broadcast slot
  2. box; border (of a box)
    コマ(わく)
    komawaku
    borders of a comic frame
  3. limit, restriction
Descendants[edit]
  • Korean: 와꾸 (wakku, facial appearance; framework)

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative spellings
湧く
涌く
沸く

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "湧く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
湧く [wàkú]
Imperative (命令形) 湧け [wàké]
Key constructions
Passive 湧かれる かれる [wàkárérú]
Causative 湧かせる かせる [wàkásérú]
Potential - - -
Volitional 湧こう [wàkóꜜò]
Negative 湧かない かない [wàkánáí]
Negative perfective 湧かなかった かなかった [wàkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 湧きます きま [wàkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 湧いた いた [wàítá]
Conjunctive 湧いて いて [wàíté]
Hypothetical conditional 湧けば [wàkéꜜbà]
  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "沸く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
沸く [wàkú]
Imperative (命令形) 沸け [wàké]
Key constructions
Passive 沸かれる かれる [wàkárérú]
Causative 沸かせる かせる [wàkásérú]
Potential - - -
Volitional 沸こう [wàkóꜜò]
Negative 沸かない かない [wàkánáí]
Negative perfective 沸かなかった かなかった [wàkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 沸きます きま [wàkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 沸いた いた [wàítá]
Conjunctive 沸いて いて [wàíté]
Hypothetical conditional 沸けば [wàkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

わく (wakuintransitive godan (stem わき (waki), past わいた (waita))

Japanese verb pair
active 湧かす
mediopassive 湧く
Japanese verb pair
active 沸かす
mediopassive 沸く
  1. 湧く, 涌く: water and so on to spring, gush, well up
  2. 湧く, 涌く: to feel emotions form, such as bravery
    親近感(しんきんかん)()いてきた
    Shinkinkan ga waitekita.
    I felt a sense of affinity well up. / A sense of affinity has welled up.
  3. 沸く: to boil
  4. 沸く: (figuratively) to boom
    (こく)(ない)(せい)(さん)()
    kokunai seisan mo waku
    domestic production is also booming
  5. 沸く: to be excited
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN