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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
旦-oracle.svg 旦-bronze.svg 旦-bigseal.svg 旦-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  – the sun (日) appearing over the horizon (一).

Also simplification of , as in .

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 日一 (AM), four-corner 60100, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 850, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1483, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (5)
Final: (61)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑnH/ /tɑnH/ /tɑnH/ /tanH/ /tɑnH/ /tɑnH/ /tɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dàn ‹ tanH › /*tˤan-s/ dawn

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2051 1 /*taːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. early morning; dawn
  2. a female character, particularly a lead role, in a traditional Chinese opera
  3. an actor or actress known for playing such characters

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. morning
  2. dawn

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dan) (hangeul , revised dan, McCune-Reischauer tan, Yale tan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đán, đắn, đến)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.