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U+5766, 坦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5766

[U+5765]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5767]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 土日一 (GAM), four-corner 46110, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 226, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4971
  • Dae Jaweon: page 461, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 431, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5766

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰaːnʔ): semantic  (earth) + phonetic  (OC *taːns)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thán - literary;
  • tháⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰɑnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰɑnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɑnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰɑnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰɑnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰɑnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thanX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[tʰ]ˁa[n]ʔ/
    English level, at ease

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2059
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰaːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. flat; level; wide
        ―  píngtǎn  ―  level
    2. calm; open-hearted; at ease
        ―  tǎnrán  ―  calm
    3. honest; frank
        ―  tǎnbái  ―  honest; candid
      Synonym: 直率 (zhíshuài)
    4. to reveal; to expose
    5. Used in the transliteration of foreign words.
        ―  tǎn  ―  tank (armored fighting vehicle)
      尚尼亞 / 尚尼亚  ―  Tǎnshàngníyà  ―  Tanzania
      巴基斯  ―  Bājīsītǎn  ―  Pakistan
    6. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. flat; level; even

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC tʰɑnX).

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 평평할 (pyeongpyeonghal tan))

    1. Hanja form? of (flat; level; even).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: thản ((thảng)(hạn)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5], thán[5]
    : Nôm readings: đứt[1][2][3][6][4][5][7], đất[1][2][3][4][5][7], đắt[2][3][6][4][5][7], thản[2][6][4], đác[1], đởn[1], thán[1], đắn[2], đật[3], ngẩn[3], thưỡn[3]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC tʰɑnX).

    Affix[edit]

     (thản)

    1. Hán tự form of thản (flat; level; wide).
    2. Hán tự form of thản (calm; pleasant).
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Glyph origin[edit]

    Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (earth) + phonetic  (đán)

    Noun[edit]

    (đất)

    1. Nôm form of đất (earth; soil; dirt).
    2. Nôm form of đất (land).
    Alternative forms[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    (đứt)

    1. Nôm form of đứt (to break off; to be cut off).

    References[edit]