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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *daːn): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *taːnʔ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 土卜田一 (GYWM), four-corner 40116, composition)

  1. altar
  2. arena, examination hall

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 240, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5528
  • Dae Jaweon: page 480, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 492, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+58C7

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final: (61)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/dɑn/ /dɑn/ /dɑn/ /dan/ /dɑn/ /dɑn/ /dʱɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shàn ‹ dzyenX › /*[d]anʔ/ leveled area
tán ‹ dan › /*[d]ˤan/ altar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2063 1 /*daːn/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dan) (hangeul , revised dan, McCune-Reischauer tan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đàn, đường)

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