中華

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See also: 中华

Chinese[edit]

middle; center flowery; flourishing; magnificent
trad. (中華)
simp. (中华)
anagram 華中华中
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中華

Etymology[edit]

So named because the first ancient Chinese settlements were around the Yellow River, which was considered to be the center, and because the culture was considered to be magnificent and flourishing.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/3
Initial () (9) (33)
Final () (2) (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ɦˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /ɦʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /ɣua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /ɦwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /ɣua/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /ɣwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /ɣwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng huá
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng huá
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ hwæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*N-qʷʰˤra/
English center flower (v.); flowery (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/3
No. 17407 5312
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*ɡʷraː/
Notes

Proper noun[edit]

中華

  1. (literary) China (the nation of the Chinese people)
    振興中華 / 振兴中华  ―  zhènxīng zhōnghuá  ―  to revitalize China

Usage notes[edit]

Although also used in the formal names of both the Republic and People's Republic of China, the term carries a somewhat broader sense than 中國中国 (Zhōngguó, “state of China”) and connotes something like the "nation of the Chinese people" or "land of the Chinese culture".

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

中華

  1. Chinese (of or belonging to Chinese culture)
    中華文化 / 中华文化  ―  zhōnghuá wénhuà  ―  Chinese culture
    中華文明 / 中华文明  ―  zhōnghuá wénmíng  ―  Chinese civilization

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中華):

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1

Grade: S
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

中華 (hiragana ちゅうか, rōmaji Chūka)

  1. China
  2. abbreviation of 中華料理 (chūka ryōri, Chinese cuisine)
  3. abbreviation of 中華饅頭 (chūka manjū, Chinese steam bun, humbow)

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

中華 (junghwa) (hangeul 중화)

  1. Hanja form? of 중화, “China”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中華

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Hoa, “China