中華

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

middle
central
flourishing (people)
Chinese (people)
trad. (中華)
simp. (中华)

Etymology[edit]

From ‎(zhōng, middle, central) + a contraction of 華夏 ‎(Huáxià, flourishing & grand (people); the Chinese)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/3
Initial () (9) (33)
Final () (2) (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ɦɣua/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /ɦʷɯa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /ɣua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /ɦwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /ɣua/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /ɣwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /ɣwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng huá
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng huá
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ hwæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*N-qʷʰˤra/
English center flower (v.); flowery (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/3
No. 17407 5312
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*ɡʷraː/
Notes

Adjective[edit]

中華

  1. Chinese, of or belonging to Chinese culture
    中華文化 / 中华文化  ―  zhōnghuá wénhuà  ―  Chinese culture
    中華文明 / 中华文明  ―  zhōnghuá wénmíng  ―  Chinese civilization

Proper noun[edit]

中華

  1. (poetic) China, the nation of the Chinese people

Usage notes[edit]

Although also used in the formal names of both the Republic and People's Republic of China, the term carries a somewhat broader sense than just the "state of China" (中國) and connotes something like the "nation of the Chinese people" or "land of the Chinese culture".

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中華):

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1

Grade: S
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

中華 ‎(hiragana ちゅうか, romaji Chūka)

  1. China
  2. abbreviation of 中華料理 ‎(chūka ryōri, Chinese cuisine)
  3. abbreviation of 中華饅頭 ‎(chūka manjū, Chinese steam bun, humbow)

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

中華 ‎(junghwa) ‎(hangeul 중화)

  1. Hanja form? of 중화, “China”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中華

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Hoa, "China"