支那

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(支那)

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चीन (cīna), which in turn is likely from Chinese (OC *zin).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

支那

  1. (obsolete, now usually derogatory) China

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

Grade: S
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 支那 (t͡ɕie̞ nɑ), a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit चीन (cīna), itself likely deriving from Old Chinese (*dzin), the name of the Qin Dynasty and the Qin state.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

支那 (hiragana しな, katakana シナ, rōmaji Shina)

  1. (prewar, often considered derogatory in modern speech) China

Usage notes[edit]

The kanji spelling 支那 was more common historically, and is still encountered with some frequency when this word is used. Modern usage includes シナ in katakana. However, this term as a whole is used less frequently than in the past, due in part to changes in geopolitics.

Derived terms[edit]