支那

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Chinese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3
Initial () (23) (8)
Final () (11) (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇ/ /nɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛ/ /nɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛ/ /nɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆/ /na/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕie/ /nɑ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐe/ /nɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯/ /nɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī nuó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi1 no4

Etymology 1[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(支那)
alternative forms 脂那
至那
芝那

From Sanskrit चीन (cīna), which in turn is likely from (OC *zin)[1][2], but other theories have been proposed, including derivation from (jìn, “Jin”) < Middle Chinese (MC t͡siɪnH) < Old Chinese (OC *ʔsins) (Zhengzhang, 2006), (jīng, “Jing”)[3], or the Zina of 夜郎 (Yèláng, “Yelang”)[3]. Cognate with English China. See "Names of China", "Chinas" and "Shina (word)" at Wikipedia.

Proper noun[edit]

支那

  1. (originally neutral, now usually derogatory and offensive) China
    支那滿清虐政國民專制共和 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    支那满清虐政国民专制共和 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: 1914, Sun Yat-sen, 《致日本首相大隈重信勸助中國革命函
    Zhīnà nǎng zhě kǔ Mǎnqīng nüèzhèng, guómín gòng qǐ gé zhuānzhì wèi gònghé. [Pinyin]
    China suffered from the Manchurian Qing tyranny in the past, and so the people of the nation rose up, overthrew the autocrat and established the republic.
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (支那):
  • Japanese: ()() (Shina)
  • Korean: 지나(支那) (Jina)
  • Vietnamese: Chi Na (支那)
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(支那)

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Proper noun[edit]

支那

  1. () Zhina (a township in Yingjiang, Dehong prefecture, Yunnan, China)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yule, Henry (2005) Cathay and the Way Thither[1], →ISBN, pages 2–3
  2. ^ Dr M. R. Singh (1972) Geographical Data in Early Puranas, pages 172
  3. 3.0 3.1 Wade Geoff (2009-05), “The Polity of Yelang and the Origin of the Name 'China'”, in Sino-Platonic Papers[2], issue 188

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

Grade: S
on’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 支那 (MC t͡ɕiᴇ nɑ), a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit चीन (cīna), itself likely deriving from Old Chinese (*dzin), the name of the Qin Dynasty and the Qin state.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

()() (Shina

  1. (prewar, often considered derogatory in modern speech) China

Usage notes[edit]

The kanji spelling 支那 was more common historically, and is still encountered with some frequency when this word is used. Modern usage includes シナ in katakana. However, this term as a whole is used less frequently than in the past, due in part to changes in geopolitics.

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

支那 (Jina) (hangeul 지나)

  1. Hanja form? of 지나 ((prewar, often considered derogatory in modern speech) China).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

支那

  1. chữ Hán form of Chi Na (China).