シナ

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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From Middle Chinese 支那 ‎(tsye na), a phonetic transcription of Sanskrit चीन ‎(cīna), itself likely deriving from Old Chinese ‎(*dzin), the name of the Qin Dynasty and the Qin state.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

シナ ‎(hiragana しな, romaji Shina)

  1. Alternative spelling of 支那: China (prewar; often considered derogatory in modern speech)
Usage notes[edit]

The kanji spelling 支那 was more common historically, and is still encountered with some frequency when this word is used. However, this term as a whole is used less frequently than in the past, due in part to changes in geopolitics.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

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シナ

From Latin cina, variously given as short for Artemisia cina ("Chinese artemisia"), or Semen cina ("Chinese seed")[1]. The kanji used are ateji.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

シナ ‎(hiragana しな, romaji Shina)

  1. Artemisia cina: also known as santonica, Levant wormseed, and wormseed; an herbaceous perennial of the daisy family, historically used as a vermifugic anthelmintic (a drug to rid the body of parasitic worms)
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “The guiding symptoms of our materia medica, Volume 4”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1], University of California, 1884, retrieved 2012-05-29