favor

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See also: favör and favør

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman favour, from mainland Old French favor, from Latin favor (good will; kindness; partiality), from favere (to be kind to), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰowe- (to honour, revere, worship). Cognate with Old Norse (to heed, mark, pay attention), Icelandic (to look, see, check). Respelled in American English to more closely match its Latin etymon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

favor (plural favors) (US, alternative in Canada)

  1. A kind or helpful deed; an instance of voluntarily assisting (someone).
    He did me a favor when he took the time to drive me home.
  2. Goodwill; benevolent regard.
    She enjoyed the queen's favor.
    to fall out of favor
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, The Celebrity:
      Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. [] She looked around expectantly, and recognizing Mrs. Cooke's maid [] Miss Thorn greeted her with a smile which greatly prepossessed us in her favor.
  3. A small gift; a party favor.
    At the holiday dinner, the hosts had set a favor by each place setting.
    A marriage favour is a bunch or knot of white ribbons or white flowers worn at a wedding.
    • Shakespeare
      Wear thou this favour for me, and stick it in thy cap.
  4. Mildness or mitigation of punishment; lenity.
    • Jonathan Swift
      I could not discover the lenity and favour of this sentence.
  5. The object of regard; person or thing favoured.
    • Milton
      All these his wondrous works, but chiefly man, / His chief delight and favour.
  6. (obsolete) Appearance; look; countenance; face.
    • Shakespeare
      This boy is fair, of female favour.
  7. (law) Partiality; bias.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bouvier to this entry?)
  8. (archaic, polite) A letter.
    Your favour of yesterday is received.
  9. (obsolete, in the plural) lovelocks
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Favor is the standard US spelling, and an alternative in Canada. Favour is the standard spelling in Canada and outside North America.
  • English speakers usually "do someone a favor" (rather than *"make them a favor", which would be sense 3 only). See Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take for uses and meaning of favour collocated with these words.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

favor (third-person singular simple present favors, present participle favoring, simple past and past participle favored) (US, alternative in Canada)

  1. (transitive) To look upon fondly; to prefer.
    • And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favored, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. —Luke 1:28, King James version, 1611
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 6, The China Governess[1]:
      Even in an era when individuality in dress is a cult, his clothes were noticeable. He was wearing a hard hat of the low round kind favoured by hunting men, and with it a black duffle-coat lined with white.
  2. (transitive) To do a favor [noun sense 1] for; to show beneficence toward.
    Would you favor us with a poetry reading?
  3. (transitive) To treat with care.
    Favoring your sore leg will only injure the other one.
  4. (transitive, in dialects, including Southern US and Louisiana) To resemble, to look like (another person).
    You favor your grandmother more than your mother.
    • 2012, Rick Bass, A Thousand Deer: Four Generations of Hunting and the Hill Country (ISBN 0292743602), page 63:
      The way things repeat themselves, across time — not just in the replications and recombinations of family and place ("He favors his momma, she favors' her daddy"), but in the accretion of like patterns []

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From faveō (I am well disposed or inclined toward, favor, countentance, befriend).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

favor m (genitive favōris); third declension

  1. good will, inclination, partiality, favor
  2. support

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative favor favōrēs
genitive favōris favōrum
dative favōrī favōribus
accusative favōrem favōrēs
ablative favōre favōribus
vocative favor favōrēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • favor” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • favor in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin favor (favour; good will), from faveō (I favour), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰoweh₁ (to notice).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

favor m (plural favores)

  1. favour (instance of voluntarily assisting someone)
  2. favour; goodwill (benevolent regard)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin favor, favoris.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /faˈβor/
  • Hyphenation: fa‧vor

Noun[edit]

favor m (plural favores)

  1. favor

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Italian favore

Noun[edit]

favor m (plural favuri)

  1. favour