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See also: venía, vénia, vènia, and vênia




  1. first-person singular imperfect indicative form of venir
  2. third-person singular imperfect indicative form of venir
  3. first-person singular imperfect indicative form of vendre
  4. third-person singular imperfect indicative form of vendre



From Proto-Italic *wenjā, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (to wish, love). See also Latin Venus, veneror and English wish.



venia f (genitive veniae); first declension

  1. indulgence, kindness (i.e., lenient treatment)
    Synonyms: indulgentia, pietās, beneficium, cōmitās, benignitās, benevolentia
  2. mercy, grace, favour
  3. pardon
    Synonyms: oblīviō, amnēstia, remissiō
    • 43 BCEc. 17 CE, Ovid, Fasti 2.830:
      ‘quam’ dīxit ‘veniam vōs datis, ipsa negō.’
      ‘‘That pardon you give,’’ she said, ‘‘I myself refuse.’’
      (Virtuously steadfast, tragically fated to symbolize the foundational values of the Roman Republic, Lucretia responds to the absolutions of her father and her husband the morning after she was raped by a tyrant king's son.)
  4. forgiveness
  5. permission
    Synonyms: permissiō, concessiō, concessus


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative venia veniae
Genitive veniae veniārum
Dative veniae veniīs
Accusative veniam veniās
Ablative veniā veniīs
Vocative venia veniae


  • Catalan: vènia
  • English: venial
  • Galician: venia
  • Italian: venia
  • Portuguese: vénia, vênia
  • Romanian: venie
  • Spanish: venia


  • venia”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • venia”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • venia in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • venia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • allow me to say: bona (cum) venia tua dixerim
    • (ambiguous) to pardon some one: alicui veniam dare (alicuius rei)
    • (ambiguous) to pardon a person: veniam dare alicui



From Latin venia, whence English venial.


  • IPA(key): /ˈbenja/ [ˈbe.nja]
  • Rhymes: -enja
  • Syllabification: ve‧nia


venia f (plural venias)

  1. forgiveness
  2. consent, permission, approval
  3. (Latin America, military) salute

Further reading[edit]