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Alternative forms[edit]


From beneficus (beneficent) +‎ -ium



beneficium n (genitive beneficiī or beneficī); second declension

  1. benefit
  2. favour, favor (act)
  3. kindness


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative beneficium beneficia
Genitive beneficiī
Dative beneficiō beneficiīs
Accusative beneficium beneficia
Ablative beneficiō beneficiīs
Vocative beneficium beneficia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).


  • Breton: benveg
  • Catalan: benefici
  • French: bénéfice
  • Galician: beneficio
  • Italian: beneficio


  • beneficium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • beneficium in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • beneficium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • beneficium in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden, Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    • to do any one a service or kindness: beneficium alicui dare, tribuere
    • to do any one a service or kindness: beneficio aliquem afficere, ornare
    • to heap benefits upon..: beneficia in aliquem conferre
    • to lay any one under an obligation by kind treatment: beneficiis aliquem obstringere, obligare, devincire
    • to (richly) recompense a kindness or service: beneficium remunerari or reddere (cumulate)
    • to return good for evil: pro maleficiis beneficia reddere
    • prerogative, privilege: ius praecipuum, beneficium, donum, also immunitas c. Gen.
  • beneficium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1898
  • beneficium in William Smith et al., editor, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin, 1890