pietas

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See also: pietàs

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

pietas

  1. plural of pieta

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *pwījotāts. Equivalent to pius (pious, devout) +‎ -tās (-ty, -dom).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pietās f (genitive pietātis); third declension

  1. dutiful conduct, sense of duty and responsibility
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.9–11:
      quidve dolēns rēgīna deum tot volvere cāsūs
      īnsignem pietāte virum tot adīre labōrēs
      impulerit.
      Or what [was] aggrieving the queen of the gods that she would have driven a man – distinguished by [his] piety – to so many turns of misfortunes, [and] to undergo so many trials?
      (These opening lines pose the epic’s enduring question: How can it be that someone dutifully responsible to gods, family, and country – the ancient Roman ideal of “pietās” – should nevertheless suffer? Notes: “of the gods” [de(ōr)um]: genitive plural; “[she] would have driven” [impulerit]: perfect active subjunctive. See: Pietas.)
  2. (to the gods) piety, conscientiousness, scrupulousness
  3. (to one's parents, children, relatives, country, benefactors, etc.) duty, dutifulness, affection, love, loyalty, patriotism, gratitude
  4. gentleness, kindness, tenderness, pity, compassion
    Synonyms: indulgentia, beneficium, cōmitās, benignitās, benevolentia, venia, misericordia, eleēmosyna
    Antonyms: ferōcitās, crūdēlitās, feritās, sevēritās

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pietās pietātēs
Genitive pietātis pietātum
Dative pietātī pietātibus
Accusative pietātem pietātēs
Ablative pietāte pietātibus
Vocative pietās pietātēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pietas”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pietas”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pietas in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pietas in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • pietas”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pietas”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray