χάρις

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See also: Χάρις

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same root as χαίρω(khaírō, to be happy). In the religious sense, it was first used in the Septuagint as a translation of the Hebrew word חֵן(ḥēn), for instance in Genesis 6:8:

  • וְנֹ֕חַ מָ֥צָא חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֵ֥י יְהוָֽה׃
    wə-nōaḥ māṣāʾ ḥēn bə-ʿēynēy yəhwāh.
    And Noah found grace in the eyes of YHWH.
  • 300 BCE – 200 BCE, Septuagint, Genesis 6.8
    Νωε δὲ εὗρεν χάριν ἐναντίον κυρίου τοῦ θεοῦ.
    Noah found grace [or favor] before the Lord God.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

χάρις ‎(khárisf ‎(genitive χάριτος); third declension

  1. beauty, elegance, charm, grace
  2. A favourable disposition towards someone: grace, favor, goodwill
    1. (Judaism, Christianity) The grace or favor of God
    2. A voluntary act of goodwill
  3. gratitude, thanks
  4. influence (opposite force)
  5. gratification, delight

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The irregular accusative singular χάριν(khárin) is far more common, but χάριτα(khárita) is used in later works. There is also an alternate dative plural: χαρίτεσσι(kharítessi).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]