χάρις

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See also: Χάρις

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same root as χαίρω (khaírō, to be happy). In the religious sense, it was first used in the Septuagint as a translation of the Hebrew word חֵן (ḥēn), for instance in Genesis 6:8:

  • וְנֹ֕חַ מָ֥צָא חֵ֖ן בְּעֵינֵ֥י יְהוָֽה׃‎
    wə-nōaḥ māṣāʾ ḥēn bə-ʿēynēy yəhwāh.
    And Noah found grace in the eyes of YHWH.
  • 300 BCE – 200 BCE, Septuagint, Genesis 6.8
    Νωε δὲ εὗρεν χάριν ἐναντίον κυρίου τοῦ θεοῦ.
    Nōe dè heûren khárin enantíon kuríou toû theoû.
    Noah found grace [or favor] before the Lord God.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kʰá.ris/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈkʰa.ris/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈxa.ris/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈxa.ris/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈxa.ris/
  • Noun[edit]

    χᾰ́ρῐς (khárisf (genitive χᾰ́ρῐτος); third declension

    1. beauty, elegance, charm, grace
    2. A favourable disposition towards someone: grace, favor, goodwill
      1. (Judaism, Christianity) The grace or favor of God
      2. A voluntary act of goodwill
    3. gratitude, thanks
    4. influence (opposite force)
    5. gratification, delight

    Usage notes[edit]

    The irregular accusative singular χάριν (khárin) is far more common, but χάριτα (khárita) is used in later works. There is also an alternate dative plural: χαρίτεσσι (kharítessi).

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]