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U+83EF, 華
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83EF

[U+83EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83F0]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿一廿十 (TMTJ), four-corner 44504, composition𠦒)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1039, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31119
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1497, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3213, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+83EF

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
華-bronze.svg 華-bigseal.svg 華-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷraː, *ɡʷraː, *ɡʷraːs
*qʰʷraː
*ɡʷraː, *ɡʷraːs
*ɡʷraː
*ɡʷraː
*ɡʷraː
*ɡʷraː, *ɡʷraːs

Pictogram (象形); this was the original form of (OC *hʷraː, “flower”). In the bronze inscription form, the top part of the glyph resembles flowers of a plant, and the bottom part () resembles its stalk and leaves. Also phono-semantic (形聲), with (OC *ɢʷa) functioning as the phonetic part. In the seal script, (“grass; plant”) was added as a semantic component.

(𦻏) and 𠌶 were initially the same character, but they were erroneously split in Shuowen into two entries.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɣua/
Wang
Li
/ɣwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huá
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huá
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-qʷʰˤra/
English flower (v.); flowery (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 5312
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. brilliance; magnificence
  2. (good) times; years; period
  3. young; youthful
  4. literary grace; talent for literature
  5. prestige; status; fame
  6. colourful; brilliant (especially of carvings and decorations)
  7. magnificent; gorgeous; resplendent
  8. delicious; tasty
  9. essence; quintessence
  10. (honorific) your; your honourable
  11. (exalted) Short for 華夏华夏 (Huáxià): land of illustrious clothing and grand ritualChina; Chinese culture
  12. Short for 漢語汉语 (hànyǔ, “Chinese language”).
  13. luxuriant; flourishing; prosperous
  14. noble; influential; eminent
  15. yellow (colour)
  16. pink; rosy
  17. grey (of hair)
  18. flashy; extravagant; showy; ostentatious; florid
  19. (historical) cover of a carriage
  20. fruit (of a cucurbit plant)
  21. (geology) sinter
  22. (chemistry) chemical produced via sublimation
  23. (astronomy) corona; ring of light
  24. Alternative form of (“noisy”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (32)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/xua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/xua/
Wang
Li
/xwa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huā
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huā
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʷʰˤra/
English flower (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 5308
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷraː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (huā, “flower; blossom”).
  2. to flower; to blossom
  3. (traditional Chinese medicine) flower pulse; weak pulse
  4. to be dim-sighted; to be dazzled
  5. to dissect; to cut up

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (33)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuaH/
Wang
Li
/ɣwaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huà
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huà
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwæH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷˤra-s/
English [name of a mountain]

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 5316
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (~山) Mount Hua (mountain in Shaanxi province)
  2. Original form of (huà, “birch”).
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. flower
  2. splendor

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

  1. flower
  2. splendor

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwa) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoa, hận)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.