中国

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See also: 中國

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 中國 (“China; the Middle Kingdom; Central State; the Chūgoku region of Japan; etc.”).
(This term, 中国, is the simplified form of 中國.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 中國 (MC ʈɨuŋ kwək̚, literally “central country”). Compare modern Cantonese 中國 (zung1 gwok3).

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Where the "China" sense first attested in a Japanese document?”

Proper noun[edit]

中国 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 中國, hiragana ちゅうごく, rōmaji Chūgoku)

  1. China, especially short for 中華人民共和国 (Chūka Jinmin Kyōwakoku), the People's Republic of China
    • 1998 November 30 [Nov 25 1990], Fujiko F. Fujio, のびとアニマル惑星プラネット [Nobita and the Animal Planet] (大長編ドラえもん; 10), volume 10 (fiction), 22nd edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 27:
      ねえねえ、 (いま) () ()みた⁉
      Nē nē, ima no chizu mita⁉
      Hey look, isn’t that a map⁉
      みた!いったいここはなんという (くに)だろう。
      Mita! Ittai koko wa nan to iu kuni darō.
      It is! And what country is this anyway?
      クニ?クニってなあに。
      Kuni? Kuni tte nāni.
      Country? What’s a country?
      アメリカとか (ちゅう) (ごく)とかいろいろあるじゃない。
      Amerika toka Chūgoku toka iroiro aru ja nai.
      There are countries like America and China, aren’t there?
      ぼくらは (にっ) (ぽん)からきたんだけど…。
      Bokura wa Nippon kara kitan dakedo….
      We’re from Japan, by the way….
      ニッポン?きいたことない。
      Nippon? Kiita koto nai.
      Japan? I’ve never heard of that before.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 中國 (MC ʈɨuŋ kwək̚). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Analyzable as a compound of (chū, center, middle) +‎ (koku, country). The koku changes to goku as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

中国 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 中國, hiragana ちゅうごく, rōmaji chūgoku)

  1. the central part of a country, historically, commonly known as the capital city or the main region, where an emperor or other ruler resides
  2. something within a country
  3. (historical) under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system, a province of the third rank according to a four-rank system based on population and area
  4. (historical) under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system, a province of the second rank according to the distance from the capital city
  5. collective term for the 山陽道 (San'yōdō) and 山陰道 (San'indō) regions of Japan
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

中国 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 中國, hiragana ちゅうごく, rōmaji Chūgoku)

  1. Short for 中国地方 (Chūgoku chihō): the Chūgoku region of Japan

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
なか
Grade: 1
くに
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

From (naka, center, middle) +‎ (kuni, country).

Proper noun[edit]

中国 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 中國, hiragana なかくに, rōmaji Nakakuni)

  1. a surname

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN


Zhuang[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

中国

  1. Sawndip form of Cunghgoz