中國

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Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
country; state; nation
trad. (中國)
simp. (中国)
anagram 國中国中
Literally: “middle country; central country”.
Wikipedia has articles on:
中國 (Written Standard Chinese?)
中國 (Cantonese)
中國 (Gan)
Chûng-koet (Hakka)
Dṳ̆ng-guók (Min Dong)
Tiong-kok (Min Nan)
中國 (Wu)

Etymology[edit]

This word referred to various states and regions throughout history:

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (28)
Final () (2) (132)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /kwək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /kʷək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /kwək̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /kwək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng guo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ kwok ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*[C.q]ʷˤək/
English center state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 5547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*kʷɯːɡ/

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. China; the Middle Kingdom
    中國首都北京 [MSC, trad.]
    中国首都北京 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng. [Pinyin]
    The capital of China is Beijing.
    現在中國旅行 [MSC, trad.]
    现在中国旅行 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā xiànzài zài Zhōngguó lǚxíng. [Pinyin]
    He's travelling around China right now.
    喜歡中國文學 [MSC, trad.]
    喜欢中国文学 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ xǐhuān Zhōngguó wénxué ma? [Pinyin]
    Do you like Chinese literature?
    中國和平崛起 / 中国和平崛起  ―  Zhōngguó hépíng juéqǐ  ―  China's peaceful rise
    中國社會科學院 / 中国社会科学院  ―  Zhōngguó shèhuìkēxuéyuàn  ―  the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
    中國特色社會主義 [MSC, trad.]
    中国特色社会主义 [MSC, simp.]
    zhōngguó tèsè shèhuìzhǔyì [Pinyin]
    socialism with Chinese characteristics
  2. (地方, 地區) the Chūgoku region of Japan

Synonyms[edit]

  • (abbreviation) (huá)
  • (lofty) 天下 (tiānxià)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

中國

  1. (archaic) imperial court
  2. (archaic) capital of a state
  3. (archaic) region under direct rule of the emperor
  4. (archaic) Central Plain

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中國):

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

中國 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 中国, hiragana ちゅうごく, rōmaji Chūgoku)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 中国: China

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

中國 (Jungguk) (hangeul 중국)

  1. Hanja form? of 중국, “China”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Quốc, “China

Zhuang[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

中國 (simplified Sawndip form 中国)

  1. Traditional Sawndip form of Cunghgoz