中國

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Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
country; state; nation
trad. (中國)
simp. (中国)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (中國, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (9)
Final: (2)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhōng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ʈiuŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/ /ʈuwŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/ /ȶĭuŋ/ /ȶi̯uŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (132)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: guo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwək̚/ /kʷək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kwək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kuək̚/ /kwək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (中國, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōng ‹ trjuwng › /*truŋ/ center
guó ‹ kwok › /*[C.q]ʷˤək/ state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17407 0 /*tuŋ/
17410 0 /*tuŋs/
5547 0 /*kʷɯːɡ/

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. China; the Middle Kingdom
    中國首都北京 / 中国首都北京  ―  Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng.  ―  The capital of China is Beijing.
    現在中國旅行 / 现在中国旅行  ―  Tā xiànzài zài Zhōngguó lǚxíng.  ―  He's travelling around China right now.
    喜歡中國文學 / 喜欢中国文学  ―  Nǐ xǐhuān Zhōngguó wénxué ma?  ―  Do you like Chinese literature?

See also[edit]

  • (huá) (abbreviation)
  • 天下 (tiānxià) (lofty)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

中國

  1. (literary, archaic) imperial court
  2. (literary, archaic) capital of a state

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中國):

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

中國 ‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 中国, hiragana ちゅうごく, romaji Chūgoku)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 中国: China

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

中國 ‎(Jungguk) ‎(hangeul 중국)

  1. Hanja form? of 중국, “China”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Quốc, "China"

Zhuang[edit]

Sawndip[edit]

中國 ‎(Cunghgoz) ‎(simplified form 中国)

  1. China
  2. Taiwan