中國

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Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
country; state; nation
trad. (中國)
simp. (中国)
anagram 國中国中
Literally: “middle kingdom; central country”.

Etymology[edit]

This word referred to various states and regions throughout history:

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (28)
Final () (2) (132)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /kwək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /kʷək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /kwək̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /kwək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng guo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ kwok ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*[C.q]ʷˤək/
English center state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 5547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*kʷɯːɡ/

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. China; the Middle Kingdom
    中國首都北京 [MSC, trad.]
    中国首都北京 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng. [Pinyin]
    The capital of China is Beijing.

See also[edit]

  • (huá) (abbreviation)
  • 天下 (tiānxià) (lofty)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

中國

  1. (archaic) imperial court
  2. (archaic) capital of a state
  3. (archaic) region under direct rule of the emperor
  4. (archaic) Central Plain

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中國):

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

中國 ‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 中国, hiragana ちゅうごく, romaji Chūgoku)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 中国: China

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

中國 ‎(Jungguk) ‎(hangeul 중국)

  1. Hanja form? of 중국, “China”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Quốc, “China

Zhuang[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

中國 ‎(simplified Sawndip form 中国)

  1. Traditional Sawndip form of Cunghgoz.