中國

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Chinese[edit]

 
middle; center; within; among; in; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; hit (the mark)
country; state; nation
trad. (中國)
simp. (中国)

Etymology[edit]

Attestable from the Western Zhou dynasty, referring to the region in which the Western Zhou people lived, covering the Guanzhong Plain in Shaanxi, as well as the basin between the Yellow River and the Luo River. During the Eastern Zhou, the term came to encompass all of the upper reaches of the Yellow River. From the Qin dynasty afterwards it came refer to the land controlled by the imperial regime of the Central Plain - i.e. the ancestors of modern China. After the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, 中國中国 became shorthand for 中華民國中华民国 (Zhōnghuá Mínguó); then, after the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, shorthand for 中華人民共和國中华人民共和国 (Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó). [1]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (9) (28)
Final () (2) (132)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuŋ/ /kwək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuŋ/ /kʷək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwŋ/ /kwək̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuŋ/ /kuək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uŋ/ /kwək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōng guo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōng guó
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwng › ‹ kwok ›
Old
Chinese
/*truŋ/ /*[C.q]ʷˤək/
English center state (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 17407 5547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuŋ/ /*kʷɯːɡ/

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. China; the Middle Kingdom
    中國首都北京 / 中国首都北京  ―  Zhōngguó de shǒudū shì Běijīng.  ―  The capital of China is Beijing.
    現在中國旅行 / 现在中国旅行  ―  Tā xiànzài zài Zhōngguó lǚxíng.  ―  He's travelling around China right now.
    喜歡中國文學 / 喜欢中国文学  ―  Nǐ xǐhuān Zhōngguó wénxué ma?  ―  Do you like Chinese literature?
    中國和平崛起 / 中国和平崛起  ―  zhōngguó hépíngjuéqǐ  ―  China's peaceful rise

See also[edit]

  • (huá) (abbreviation)
  • 天下 (tiānxià) (lofty)

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

中國

  1. (literary, archaic) imperial court
  2. (literary, archaic) capital of a state
  3. (literary, archaic) region under direct rule of the emperor
  4. (literary, archaic) Central Plain

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (中國):

Others:

References[edit]

  1. ^ 文若愚 (2014) 语言常识全知道, 中国华侨出版社

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Grade: 1
こく > ごく
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

中國 ‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 中国, hiragana ちゅうごく, romaji Chūgoku)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 中国: China

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

中國 ‎(Jungguk) ‎(hangeul 중국)

  1. Hanja form? of 중국, “China”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

中國

  1. Hán tự form of Trung Quốc, "China"

Zhuang[edit]

Sawndip[edit]

中國 ‎(Cunghgoz) ‎(simplified form 中国)

  1. China
  2. Taiwan