公家

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Chinese[edit]

 
just; honorable (designation); public; common
 
home; family; -ist; -er; -ian; measure word for stores and schools
simp. and trad.
(公家)

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Adjective[edit]

公家

  1. public
Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

公家

  1. the state
  2. the public
  3. the imperial family

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Verb[edit]

公家

  1. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou Min Nan) to work together; to operate jointly

Adverb[edit]

公家

  1. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Min Nan) jointly; together
    公家  ―  gōngjiā chū  ―  (everyone) pay together

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Probably originally from Middle Chinese 公家. Compare modern Mandarin 公家 (gōngjiā, the state, the public). The meaning in Japanese developed from “great house, great family” to then signify “the imperial family”, then by extension the courtiers, and again the nobility.[1]

The reading is an alteration from the expected go'on reading of kuke.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

公家 (hiragana くげ, rōmaji kuge)

  1. the imperial court
  2. the emperor and courtiers
  3. the nobility in general

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

The kan'on reading, suggesting a later borrowing. Rarely used.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

公家 (hiragana こうか, rōmaji kōka)

  1. (rare) the imperial court
  2. (rare) the emperor and courtiers

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Mixed reading, using the kan'on for and the go'on for . Rarely used.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

公家 (hiragana こうけ, rōmaji kōke)

  1. (rare) the imperial court
  2. (rare) the emperor and courtiers

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3