公家

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Chinese[edit]

 
just; honorable; public; common; fair; duke; mister
 
home; family; ‑ist; ‑er; ‑ian; measure word for stores and schools
trad. (公家)
simp. #(公家)
anagram 家公

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Adjective[edit]

公家

  1. public
Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

公家

  1. the state
  2. the public
  3. imperial family
  4. royal court; imperial court; imperial household; imperial government
Synonyms[edit]
  • (royal court):
edit
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (公家):
  • Japanese: 公家(くげ) (kuge); 公家(こうか) (kōka)

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Verb[edit]

公家

  1. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou Min Nan) to work together; to operate jointly

Adverb[edit]

公家

  1. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Hokkien) jointly; together
    公家  ―  gōngjiā chū  ―  (everyone) pay together

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
け > げ
Grade: 2
goon
Alternative spelling 公卿
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/kuᵑ ke//kuɡe/

From Middle Chinese 公家 (MC kuŋ kˠa).

The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the earlier borrowing from Middle Chinese. Compare modern Mandarin 公家 (gōngjiā, the state, the public).

The meaning in Japanese developed from “great house, great family” to then signify “the imperial family”, then by extension the courtiers, and again the nobility.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

公家(くげ) (kuge

  1. the imperial court
    Synonym: 朝廷 (chōtei)
  2. the emperor and courtiers
  3. the nobility in general
    Synonyms: (ōyake), 官家 (kanke)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
kan’on

From Middle Chinese 公家 (MC kuŋ kˠa). The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Rarely used.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

公家(こうか) (kōka

  1. (rare) the imperial court
  2. (rare) the emperor and courtiers

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 2
kan’on goon

Mixed reading, using the 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) for and the 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) for .

Rarely used.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

公家(こうけ) (kōke

  1. (rare) the imperial court
  2. (rare) the emperor and courtiers

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN