公卿

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Chinese[edit]

 
just; honorable; public; common; fair; duke; mister
(old) minister; (old) term of endearment between spouses; thou (poet.)
trad. (公卿)
simp. #(公卿)

Etymology[edit]

Originally a clipping of 三公九卿.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (29)
Final () (1) (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/ /kʰˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/ /kʰᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /kʰiaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/ /kʰiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/ /kʰiɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/ /kʰĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/ /kʰi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng qīng

Noun[edit]

公卿

  1. (literary) the Three Excellencies and Nine Ministers
  2. (literary) generic term for all of the high-level ministers and officials within the government

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (公卿):

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
きょう > ぎょう
Jinmeiyō
goon
Alternative spellings 供饗 (table)
公饗 (table)
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/kuᵑ kʲau//kuɡʲau//kuɡʲɔː//kuɡʲoː/

From Middle Chinese 公卿 (MC kuŋ kʰˠiæŋ). The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the earlier borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Separately, the (, literally offical) collectively refers to the 太政大臣 (daijō-daijin, chancellor of the realm), 左大臣 (sadaijin, minister of the left), and 右大臣 (udaijin, minister of the right); and (kei, literally state minister) the 大納言 (dainagon, upper counselor), 中納言 (chūnagon, middle counselor), the court nobility of the third rank or higher, and the 参議 (sangi, state counselors).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

公卿(くぎょう) (kugyō (historical kana くぎやう)

  1. (politics, historical) a court nobleman; the nobility
    Synonyms: 上達部 (kandachime), 公家 (kuge), 卿相 (keishō), 月卿 (gekkei)
  2. a small lacquered (zen, tray table) used by kugyō nobles
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
けい
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

From Middle Chinese 公卿 (MC kuŋ kʰˠiæŋ).

The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

公卿(こうけい) (kōkei

  1. (historical) the 三公 (Sankō, Three Excellencies) and 九卿 (Kyūkei, Nine Ministers) in ancient China
  2. (by extension, politics, historical) Same as くぎょう (kugyō) above
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
くげ
Grade: 2 Jinmeiyō
jukujikun
For pronunciation and definitions of 公卿 – see the following entry.
公家くげ
[noun] the imperial court
[noun] the emperor and courtiers
[noun] the nobility in general
(This term, 公卿, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
もうちぎみ
Grade: 2 Jinmeiyō
jukujikun
Alternative spellings
大夫

⟨mape1 tu ki1mi1 → */mapʲetukʲimʲi//maɸet͡ɕʉɡimi//maũt͡ɕiɡimi//mɔːt͡ɕiɡimi//moːt͡ɕiɡimi/

Shift from Old Japanese 公卿 (mape1tuki1mi1‎ → maetsukimi).[1]

Refers to noblemen who serve before the Emperor.

Noun[edit]

公卿(もうちぎみ) (mōchigimi (historical kana まうちぎみ)

  1. (honorific, archaic) a senior court official
Citations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:公卿.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
まちぎみ
Grade: 2 Jinmeiyō
jukujikun
Alternative spelling

/maut͡ɕiɡimi//mɔ̃t͡ɕiɡimi//mat͡ɕiɡimi/

Shift from mōchigimi above, historical mauchigimi.[1]

Noun[edit]

公卿(まちぎみ) (machigimi

  1. (honorific, archaic, rare) a senior court official
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
まつぎみ
Grade: 2 Jinmeiyō
jukujikun

Coined by Motoori Norinaga in 1798.[2]

Shift from either Old Japanese 公卿 (mape1tuki1mi1‎ → maetsukimi), mōchigimi (historical mauchigimi), or machigimi above.

Noun[edit]

公卿(まつぎみ) (matsugimi

  1. (honorific, archaic, rare) a senior court official
Citations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:公卿.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

公卿 (gonggyeong) (hangeul 공경)

  1. Hanja form? of 공경.

Old Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally a compound of (mape1, head, in front) +‎ (tu, possessive particle) +‎ (ki1mi1, emperor).[1]

Refers to noblemen who serve before the Emperor.

Noun[edit]

公卿 (mape1tuki1mi1) (kana まへつきみ)

  1. (honorific) a senior court official
Citations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:公卿.

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly a shift from mape1tuki1mi1 above.

Noun[edit]

公卿 (matiki1mi1) (kana まちきみ)

  1. (honorific, rare) a senior court official
Citations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:公卿.

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN