From Anglo-Norman or Middle English chauncelẹ̄r, chanceler, canceler (“chief administrative or executive officer of a ruler; chancellor, secretary; private secretary, scribe; Lord Chancellor of England; officer of the ruler's exchequer; a high administrative or executive officer (for example, a deputy or representative of a bishop; the head of a university)”), from Old French cancelier, chancelier (“chancellor”), from Late Latin cancellārius (“secretary; doorkeeper, porter; usher of a court of law stationed at the bars separating the public from the judges”), from Latin cancellī (plural of cancellus (“grate; bars, barrier; railings”), diminutive of cancer (“grid; barrier”), from Proto-Italic *karkros (“enclosure”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (“to bend, turn”)) + -ārius (“suffix forming nouns denoting an agent of use”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈtʃɑːnsələ/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈtʃænsələ/, /-lɚ/, /ˈtʃænslɚ/
Audio (AU) (file)
- Hyphenation: chan‧cel‧lor
chancellor (plural chancellors)
- A senior secretary or official with administrative or legal duties, sometimes in charge of some area of government such as finance or justice.
- Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Lord Chancellor
- The head of the government in some German-speaking countries.
- Synonym: Reichskanzler (historical)
- the Austrian Chancellor
- (Christianity) A senior record keeper of a cathedral; a senior legal officer for a bishop or diocese in charge of hearing cases involving ecclesiastical law.
- (education) The head of a university, sometimes purely ceremonial.
- (Britain) Short for Chancellor of the Exchequer.
- (Scotland) The foreman of a jury.
- (US, law) The chief judge of a court of chancery (that is, one exercising equity jurisdiction).
- chanceler, chanceller, chancellour, chancelor, chancelour, chaunceler, chaunceller, chauncellor, chauncellour, chauncelor, chauncelour (all obsolete)
- (head of a university): master, mistress, president, principal, provost, rector
- (head of government in some German-speaking countries): premier, prime minister