Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
Middle English chaunceler, from Old French chancelier, from Late Latin cancellarius, a director of chancery, from Latin cancelli lattices (“crossbars, which surrounded the seat of judgment”). See chancel.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈtʃɑːnsələ/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈtʃænsəlɚ/, /ˈtʃænslɚ/
chancellor (plural chancellors)
- A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the United States is distinctively a court with equity jurisdiction.
- Head of a chancery.
- An important notary; a person in charge of some area of government, often justice or finance.
- The head of a university, sometimes purely ceremonial.
- The head of parliamentary government in some German speaking countries.
- A record keeper for a diocese or equivalent religious area.
- (Scotland) Foreman of a jury.
- (Britain) Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The chancellor was originally a chief scribe or secretary under the Roman emperors, but afterward was invested with judicial powers, and had superintendence over the other officers of the empire. From the Roman empire this office passed to the church, and every bishop has his chancellor, the principal judge of his consistory. In later times, in most countries of Europe, the chancellor was a high officer of state, keeper of the great seal of the kingdom, and having the supervision of all charters, and like public instruments of the crown, which were authenticated in the most solemn manner. In France a secretary is in some cases called a chancellor. In Scotland, the appellation is given to the foreman of a jury, or assize. In Germany since the unification under Bismarck the office of Chancellor (styled "Reich Chancellor" under the Weimar Constitution and the Nazi dictatorship) is the President of the Federal Council and the head of the German Federal Government. In the United States, the title is given to certain judges of courts of chancery or equity, established by the statutes of separate States. Blackstone. Wharton.
- Chancellor of a bishop
- Chancellor of a cathedral
- Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
- Chancellor of a university, the chief officer of a collegiate body.
- Chancellor of the exchequer
- Chancellor of the order of the Garter (or other military orders), an officer who seals the commissions and mandates of the chapter and assembly of the knights
- Lord high chancellor of England
- (head of a university): provost, rector, president, principal, master, mistress
- (head of parliamentary government in German speaking countries): Bundeskanzler, Bundeskanzlerin (female), Kanzler, Kanzlerin (female), premier, prime minister, PM, Reichskanzler (historical)