首相

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Chinese[edit]

 
head; chief; first (occasion); first (thing); measure word for poems
 
each other; appearance; portrait; picture; one another; mutually
simp. and trad.
(首相)
Literally: “highest chancellor”.

Etymology[edit]

Modern usage are influenced by English prime minister

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

首相

  1. the highest level chancellor in the Song dynasty
    首相延安郡王皇太子無語 [MSC, trad.]
    首相延安郡王皇太子无语 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 宋·邵博《聞見後錄》卷二
    Shì shí zhòng zhōng wéi shǒuxiàng Wáng Guī yīn zòu Yán'ān Jùnwáng dāng wèi huángtàizǐ, yú rén wúyǔ. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. prime minister

Usage notes[edit]

The translation of prime minster in Chinese varies according to the country in question. For example, the prime minister of the United Kingdom, Japan and Belgium is translated as 首相, while the prime minister of members of the Commonwealth of Nations (other than the UK) and Thailand is translated as 總理总理 (zǒnglǐ), the same term used to refer to the premier of the People's Republic of China.

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 2
しょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

首相 (hiragana しゅしょう, rōmaji shushō, historical hiragana しゅしゃう)

  1. a prime minister; a chancellor
    ドイツの (しゅ) (しょう)
    Doitsu no Shushō
    Chancellor of Germany

Pronunciation[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

首相 (susang) (hangeul 수상)

  1. Hanja form? of 수상, “prime minister; chancellor”.