Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+81B3, 膳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81B3

[U+81B2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81B4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 月廿土口 (BTGR) or 月廿廿口 (BTTR), four-corner 78265, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 995, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29891
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1446, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2113, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+81B3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
膳-bronze.svg 膳-seal.svg 膳-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djens): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɡjenʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑianH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sin6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11094
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djens/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to prepare food
  2. to offer food
  3. meal

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
(zen): Meal trays arranged in rows

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: S
on’yomi

(ぜん) (zen

  1. small Japanese meal tray

Counter[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: S
on’yomi

(ぜん) (-zen

  1. pairs of chopsticks
  2. bowls of rice

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 반찬 (banchan seon))
(eumhun 선물 (seonmul seon))

  1. Hanja form? of (meal).
  2. Hanja form? of (gift; present).

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiện)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.