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See also: and 彿
U+4F5B, 佛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F5B

[U+4F5A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F5C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人中中弓 (OLLN), four-corner 25227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 99, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 517
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 140, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F5B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prɯds
*prɯds, *pʰɯds, *bɯds
*pads
*pɯds
*pɯds
*pɯds, *pʰɯd
*pʰɯds, *pɯd, *pʰɯd
*pʰɯds
*pʰɯds
*buds
*bɯds, *bɯd
*brɯd
*bɯːd, *pʰɯd
*pɯd
*pɯd
*pɯd
*pɯd
*pʰɯd
*pʰɯd, *bɯd
彿 *pʰɯd
*bɯd
*bɯd
*bɯd
*bɯd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯd): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *pɯd).

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviation of 佛陀 (MC bɨut̚ dɑ), from Pali buddha or Sanskrit बुद्ध (buddha, awakened; enlightened).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • pu̍t - vernacular;
  • hu̍t - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fo³⁵/
    Harbin /fɤ²⁴/
    Tianjin /fo⁴⁵/
    Jinan /fə⁴²/
    Qingdao /fu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /fu⁴²/
    Xi'an /fo²⁴/
    Xining /fɔ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /fu¹³/
    /fuə⁵³/
    Lanzhou /fə⁵³/
    Ürümqi /fɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /fu²¹³/
    Chengdu /fu³¹/
    /fəu³¹/
    Guiyang /fu²¹/
    Kunming /fu³¹/
    Nanjing /fuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /fəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /fɤ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /vəʔ¹/
    Suzhou /vəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /vəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /vai²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /fu²²/
    Tunxi /fə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸu⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /fɨʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /fut̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /fut̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚²/
    Nanning /fɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /fɐt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/
    /put̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
    /xu²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huk̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbut̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (60)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bɨut̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biut̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuət̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /but̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuət̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭuət̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯uət̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjut ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b][u]t/
    English great

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3324
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bɯd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Buddhism) Buddha
        ―  tuó  ―  Buddha
        ―  jiào  ―  Buddhism
    2. (Buddhism) statue of Buddha
    3. (by extension) Buddhist scriptures
    4. (by extension) Buddhism; Buddhist doctrines

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Others:

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 彿 (“resembling, like, as if”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of 彿.)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “to go against; to be contrary to”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “to assist”).
    2. A surname​.

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “prosperous; thriving”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Buddha

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bul, pil) (hangeul , )

    1. Buddha

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phật, phất)

    1. Buddha

    References[edit]