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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
佛-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人中中弓 (OLLN), four-corner 25227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 99, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 517
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 140, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F5B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯd): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *pɯd)

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviation of 佛陀 (Fótuó), from Pali buddha or Sanskrit बुद्ध ‎(buddha).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fo³⁵/
Harbin /fɤ²⁴/
Tianjin /fo⁴⁵/
Jinan /fə⁴²/
Qingdao /fu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /fu⁴²/
Xi'an /fo²⁴/
Xining /fɔ²⁴/
Yinchuan /fu¹³/
/fuə⁵³/
Lanzhou /fə⁵³/
Ürümqi /fɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /fu²¹³/
Chengdu /fu³¹/
/fəu³¹/
Guiyang /fu²¹/
Kunming /fu³¹/
Nanjing /fuʔ⁵/
Hefei /fəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /fəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /fɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /vəʔ¹/
Suzhou /vəʔ³/
Hangzhou /vəʔ²/
Wenzhou /vai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /fu²²/
Tunxi /fə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸu⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /fɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /fut̚⁵/
Taoyuan /fut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fɐt̚²/
Nanning /fɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /fɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/
/put̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
/xu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbut̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/but̚/
Li
Rong
/biuət̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b][u]t/
English great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3324
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Buddha
      ―  tuó  ―  Buddha
  2. Buddhism
      ―  jiào  ―  Buddhism

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 仿佛.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Buddha
    This character is the 旧字体 ‎(kyūjitai) or old form. See the 新字体 ‎(shinjitai) or new form at for the full entry.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bul, pil) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer pul, p'il)

  1. Buddha

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phật, phất)

  1. Buddha

References[edit]