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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
佛-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人中中弓 (OLLN), four-corner 25227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 99, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 517
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 140, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4F5B

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of 佛陀, from Pali buddha or Sanskrit बुद्ध (buddha).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (佛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 物
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 符弗切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨut̚/ /bʱi̯uət̚/ /biuət̚/ /biut̚/ /but̚/ /bĭuət̚/ /biuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjut › /*[b][u]t/ great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3324 1 /*bɯd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Buddha
      ―  tuó  ―  Buddha
  2. Buddhism
      ―  jiào  ―  Buddhism

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Character used in 仿佛 (fǎngfú).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Buddha
    This character is the 旧字体 (kyūjitai) or old form. See the 新字体 (shinjitai) or new form at for the full entry.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bul, pil) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer pul, p'il)

  1. Buddha

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phật, phất)

  1. Buddha

References[edit]