Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+4ECF, 仏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ECF

[U+4ECE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4ED0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人戈 (OI) or X人戈 (XOI), four-corner 22230, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 364
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 110, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4ECF

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Used since Northern and Southern dynasties. To avoid using the character , (mǒu, “someone”) is used instead; the character is ideogrammic compound (會意):  + , where is a variant form of .

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Buddha; statue of Buddha; etc.”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“like; resembling; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. Buddha
  2. Buddhism
  3. Buddhist image
  4. Short for 仏蘭西 (Furansu): France

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほとけ
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

*⟨poto2ke2 → */pətəkəɨ//fotoke//hotoke/

From Old Japanese, of unclear origin. Theories include:

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ほとけ) (hotoke (kyūjitai )

  1. (Buddhism) a buddha (enlightened or awakened sentient being)
  2. (Buddhism) a statue or image of any buddha
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 16, poem 3841), text here
      (ほとけ)(つくる)()(そほ)不足(たらず)()(みづ)(たまる)(いけ)田乃阿曽我(だのあそが)(はなの)(うへ)乎穿礼(をほれ) [Man'yōgana]
      (ほとけ)(つく)(そほ)()らずは(みづ)()まる(いけ)()朝臣(あそ)(はな)(うへ)() [Modern spelling]
      hotoke tsukuru ma-sō tarazu wa mizu tamaru Ikeda no Aso ga hana no ue o hore
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  3. a departed soul, deceased
  4. (colloquial) a term that a parent calls a child expressing parental affection, equivalent to "my dear"
    • c. 890, Taketori Monogatari (page 7)[4]
      (わが)()(ほとけ)變化(へんげ)(ひと)(まう)しながら、こゝら(おほき)さまで(やしな)(たてまつ)(こころざし)(をろ)かならず。
      Waga ko no hotoke, henge no hito to mōshinagara, kokora ōkisama de yashinai-tatematsuru kokorozashi oroka narazu.
      My dear child, when you are talking about someone who is a manifestation [of a supernatural entity], it would not be dumb to try to bring them up in this grand fashion.
    • c. 890, Taketori Monogatari (page 61)[4]
      あが(ほとけ)何事(なにごと)(おも)ひたまふぞ。
      A ga hotoke, nanigoto omoitamau zo.
      My dear, what on earth are you thinking about?
  5. (religion) Buddhism
    Synonym: 仏法 (Buppō)
  6. (Buddhism) performing a Buddhist memorial service
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ほとけ) (Hotoke (kyūjitai )

  1. (Buddhism) the Sakyamuni Buddha, Nepalese spiritual and philosophical teacher and founder of Buddhism: Siddhartha Gautama
    Synonyms: 釈迦如来 (Shaka-nyorai), 釈迦牟尼 (Shakamuni)
  2. (Buddhism) any of the other buddhas named in Buddhist scriptures

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぶつ
Grade: 5
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC bɨut̚), shortened from 佛陀 (MC bɨut̚ dɑ), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit बुद्ध (buddha).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ぶつ) (butsu (kyūjitai )

  1. (religion) Buddhism
    (じゅ)(ぶつ)(どう)
    Ju, Butsu, Dō
    Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ぶつ) (Butsu (kyūjitai )

  1. Short for 仏陀 (Butsuda, Budda): Buddha

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ふつ
Grade: 5
kan’on

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ふつ) (Futsu (kyūjitai )

  1. Abbreviation of 仏蘭西 (Furansu): France
    札幌(さっぽろ)(にち)(ふつ)協会(きょうかい)
    Sapporo Nichi-Futsu Kyōkai
    The Sapporo Japan-France Society
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ Pellard, Thomas (2014), “The Awakened Lord: The Name of the Buddha in East Asia”, in Journal of the American Oriental Society[1], DOI:10.7817/jameroriesoci.134.4.689
  4. 4.0 4.1 Horiuchi, Hideaki; Ken Akiyama (1997) Taketori Monogatari, Ise Monogatari, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN