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U+5112, 儒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5112

[U+5111]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5113]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +14, 16 strokes, cangjie input 人一月月 (OMBB), four-corner 21227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 119, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1220
  • Dae Jaweon: page 253, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 230, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5112

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

𠍶
𪝥
𰁡 second round simplified

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
儒-seal.svg 儒-bigseal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njo): semantic (human) + phonetic (OC *sno).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐu³⁵/
Harbin /lu²¹³/
/ʐu²¹³/
Tianjin /ʐu⁴⁵/
Jinan /lu⁵⁵/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐu⁴²/
Xi'an /vu²⁴/
Xining /v̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐu⁵³/
Lanzhou /vu⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐu⁵¹/
/vu⁵¹/
Wuhan /y²¹³/
Chengdu /zu³¹/
Guiyang /zu²¹/
Kunming /ʐu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʐu²⁴/
Hefei /ʐu²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /zu⁵³/
Pingyao /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷ²¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /y⁴⁴/
Tunxi /y⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /y¹³/
Xiangtan /y¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɵ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /i¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒï¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jy²¹/
Nanning /y²¹/
Hong Kong /jy²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /y⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zu³¹/
/zi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ȵio/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyu4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyu ›
Old
Chinese
/*no/
English 侏儒 zhūrú "dwarf", scholar, Confucianism
(not in original list)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njo/

Definitions[edit]

  1. scholar
  2. Confucianism
  3. A surname.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC ȵɨo).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅀᅲᆼ (Yale: zyù)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 션븨 (Yale: syènpùy) ᅀᅲ (Yale: zyù)

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 선비 (seonbi yu))

  1. Hanja form? of (scholar).
  2. Hanja form? of (Confucianism).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán Tự[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: nho[1][2][3][4][5][6], nhu[1][2][5][7], nhô[8][6]

  1. scholar
  2. Ruism, Confucianism

References[edit]