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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 69 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿金竹一中 (TCHML), four-corner 42821, composition)

  1. this, thus, such
  2. to lop off
  3. emphatic particle

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 480, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13563
  • Dae Jaweon: page 839, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2025, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+65AF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /sz̩⁵⁵/
Harbin /sz̩⁴⁴/
Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
Jinan /sz̩²¹³/
Qingdao /sz̩²¹³/
Zhengzhou /sz̩²⁴/
Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /sz̩⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /sz̩³¹/
Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
Kunming /sz̩⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sz̩³¹/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
Suzhou /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sz̩³³/
Xiangtan /sz̩³³/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
Nanning /sz̩⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /su⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sy⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /su⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sɯ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /si²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇ/ /sie̯/ /sie/ /siɛ/ /siə̆/ /sǐe/ /sjɛ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sje › /*[s]e/ split (v.)
‹ sje › /*[s]e/ this
‹ sje › /*se/ 斯須 a short time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11995 0 /*se/ 朱駿聲雲斯爲會意字,非其聲

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

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