俄羅斯

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See also: 俄罗斯

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (俄羅斯)
simp. (俄罗斯)
alternative forms 鄂羅斯鄂罗斯
斡羅思斡罗思
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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Manchu ᠣᡵᠣᠰ (oros), from Classical Mongolian ᠣᠷᠤᠰ (orus), from Middle Mongolian 斡羅思 (orus), from Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ). Cognates include modern Mongolian Орос (Oros), ᠣᠷᠤᠰ (orus).

Mongolian does not allow word-initial r-, and regressive vowel harmony generated the prosthetic word-initial vowel, which is retained in Chinese as an extra syllable.

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

俄羅斯

  1. Russia (a country in Eastern Europe and Asia)
    中國俄羅斯邊界 [MSC, trad.]
    中国俄罗斯边界 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó hé Éluósī de biānjiè [Pinyin]
    the border between China and Russia

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (俄羅斯):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
(ateji)

Grade: S
(ateji)

Jinmeiyō
(ateji)
Irregular Irregular tōon

From Chinese 俄羅斯.

Pronunciation[edit]

[1][2][3][4]

Proper noun[edit]

()()() (Orosu

  1. (dated, rare) Russia

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
(ateji)

Grade: S
(ateji)
シャ
Jinmeiyō
(ateji)
Irregular

From Chinese 俄羅斯, affected by Russian Росси́я (Rossíja).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

()()(シャ) (Oroshaオロシヤ (oroshiya)?

  1. (dated, rare) Russia
    • (Can we date this quote?), 森鷗外, 柵草紙の山房論文:
      ()(じゅつ)(ひょう)し、(ぶん)(がく)(ろん)ずるに(あた)りて、(ぼつ)()(そう)(もと)とするものは、獨逸(ドイツ)(ぶん)() Magazin の一黨(いっとう)あり、スカンヂナヰヤにイプセンが()(りゅう)あり、英吉利(イギリス)にも俄羅斯(オロシャ)にもその(ひと)あれど、(おほむね)(みな)エミル・ゾラを(むね)とす。
      Bijutsu o hyōshi, bungaku o ronzuru ni atari te, botsurisō o moto to suru mono wa, Doitsu ni bunko Magazin no ittō ari, Sukanjinawiya ni Ipusen ga yoryū ari, Igirisu nimo Orosha nimo sono hito aredo, ohomune mina Emiru zora o mune tosu.
      (please add an English translation of this example)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tetsuji Morohashi [et al.] (1989) 大漢和辞典, →ISBN
  2. ^ Akiyasu Tōdō [et al.] (2011) 漢字源, →ISBN
  3. ^ Tadashi Kamata [et al.] (2004) 新漢語林, →ISBN
  4. ^ 坂似水 (1874) 地名訳書字引

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

俄羅斯 (Arasa) (hangeul 아라사)

  1. Hanja form? of 아라사 ((obsolete) Russia).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

俄羅斯

  1. Hán tự form of Nga La Tư ((obsolete) Russia).