俄羅斯

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See also: 俄罗斯

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (俄羅斯)
simp. (俄罗斯)
alternative forms 鄂羅斯鄂罗斯
斡羅思斡罗思
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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Manchu ᠣᡵᠣᠰ (oros), from Classical Mongolian ᠣᠷᠤᠰ᠋ (orus᠋), from Old East Slavic Русь (Rusĭ). Cognates include modern Mongolian Орос (Oros), ᠣᠷᠤᠰ (orus).

Mongolian does not allow word-initial r-, and regressive vowel harmony generated the prosthetic word-initial vowel, which is retained in Chinese as an extra syllable.

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

俄羅斯

  1. Russia (a country in Eastern Europe and Asia)
    中國俄羅斯邊界 [MSC, trad.]
    中国俄罗斯边界 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó hé Éluósī de biānjiè [Pinyin]
    the border between China and Russia

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (俄羅斯):
  • Korean: 아라사 (俄羅斯, Arasa)
  • Vietnamese: Nga La Tư (俄羅斯)

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
(ateji)

Grade: S
(ateji)

Jinmeiyō
(ateji)
Irregular Irregular tōon

From Chinese 俄羅斯.

Pronunciation[edit]

[1][2][3][4]

Proper noun[edit]

俄羅斯(オロス) (Orosu

  1. (dated, rare) Russia

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
(ateji)

Grade: S
(ateji)
シャ
Jinmeiyō
(ateji)
Irregular

From Chinese 俄羅斯, affected by Russian Росси́я (Rossíja).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

俄羅斯(オロシャ) (Orosha (historical kana オロシヤ)

  1. (dated, rare) Russia
    • (Can we date this quote?), 森鷗外, 柵草紙の山房論文:
      ()(じゅつ)(ひょう)し、(ぶん)(がく)(ろん)ずるに(あた)りて、(ぼつ)()(そう)(もと)とするものは、獨逸(ドイツ)(ぶん)() Magazin の一黨(いっとう)あり、スカンヂナヰヤにイプセンが()(りゅう)あり、英吉利(イギリス)にも俄羅斯(オロシャ)にもその(ひと)あれど、(おほむね)(みな)エミル・ゾラを(むね)とす。
      Bijutsu o hyōshi, bungaku o ronzuru ni atari te, botsurisō o moto to suru mono wa, Doitsu ni bunko Magazin no ittō ari, Sukanjinawiya ni Ipusen ga yoryū ari, Igirisu nimo Orosha nimo sono hito aredo, ohomune mina Emiru zora o mune tosu.
      (please add an English translation of this example)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tetsuji Morohashi [et al.] (1989) 大漢和辞典, →ISBN
  2. ^ Akiyasu Tōdō [et al.] (2011) 漢字源, →ISBN
  3. ^ Tadashi Kamata [et al.] (2004) 新漢語林, →ISBN
  4. ^ 坂似水 (1874) 地名訳書字引

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

俄羅斯 (Arasa) (hangeul 아라사)

  1. Hanja form? of 아라사 ((obsolete) Russia).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

俄羅斯

  1. Hán tự form of Nga La Tư ((obsolete) Russia).