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See also:
U+514B, 克
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-514B

[U+514A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+514C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

(Kangxi radical 10, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十口竹山 (JRHU), four-corner 40216, composition or ⿱)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 263, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+514B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
克-oracle.svg 克-bronze.svg 克-seal.svg 克-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Unclear.

Also Simplified from .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
“gram”
Short for 克蘭姆克兰姆, from French gramme.
Tibetan measuring vessel, Tibetan volume unit, Tibetan area unit
From Tibetan ཁལ (khal).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khat - vernacular;
  • khiak/khek - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ke
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    hak1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˁək/
    English carry; able; dominate

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7480
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary) to be able to
      /   ―  qínjiǎn  ―  hardworking and thrifty
    2. to defeat; to vanquish; to conquer
      /   ―    ―  to defeat the enemy
      Synonyms: , 戰勝战胜 (zhànshèng)
    3. to subdue; to restrain
        ―  zhì  ―  to restrain
    4. to digest
        ―  shí  ―  to aid digestion
    5. to set (a time limit)
        ―    ―  to set a date
    6. (dialectal) Pronunciation spelling of .
    7. gram (g)
      1市兩等於50 / 1市两等于50  ―  1 shìliǎng děngyú 50 .  ―  1 market tael is equivalent to 50 grams.
    8. a Tibetan unit of volume or dry measure
    9. a Tibetan unit of land area
    See also[edit]
    Usage notes[edit]

    It is commonly used to transcribe the /k/ sound in words of foreign languages not immediately followed by a vowel, e.g. 傑克杰克 (Jiékè, “Jack”), 法蘭克福法兰克福 (Fǎlánkèfú, “Frankfurt”), 克羅地亞克罗地亚 (Kèluódìyà, “Croatia”), etc..

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to defeat; to vanquish; to overcome; to prevail; to surmount; to subdue; to overthrow; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to overcome, to subdue (addiction, disease)
    2. to restrain (oneself)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 이길 (igil geuk))

    1. Hanja form? of (to win; to beat; able; competent).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: khắc

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.