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See also:
U+514B, 克
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-514B

[U+514A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+514C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

(radical 10, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十口竹山 (JRHU), four-corner 40216, composition or ⿱)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 263, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+514B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
克-oracle.svg 克-bronze.svg 克-seal.svg 克-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Unclear.

Also Simplified from .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
gram
Short for 克蘭姆克兰姆, from French gramme.
Tibetan measuring vessel, Tibetan volume unit, Tibetan area unit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khat - vernacular;
  • khiak/khek - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ke
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˁək/
    English carry; able; dominate

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7480
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to be competent
    2. to win
    3. to encroach on
    4. to restrain
    5. to finish
    6. be able to
    7. to skimp
    8. to agree on
    9. harsh
    10. Alternative form of (, “to know”).
    11. to digest
    12. gram
    13. a Tibetan measuring vessel
    14. a Tibetan volume unit
    15. a Tibetan area unit
    16. to defeat; to vanquish; to overcome; to prevail; to surmount; to subdue; to overthrow
      Synonyms: , 戰勝战胜 (zhànshèng)
      五月 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      五月 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: Commentary of Zuo, circa 4th century BCE, translation from Zuozhuan: Commentary on the "Spring and Autumn Annals" (2017), by Stephen Durrant, Wai-yee Li and David Schaberg
      Xià, wǔyuè, Zhèng Bó Duàn yú Yān. [Pinyin]
      In summer, in the fifth month, the Liege of Zheng overcame Duan (Gongshu Duan) at Yan.
    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to defeat; to vanquish; to overcome; to prevail; to surmount; to subdue; to overthrow; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. gram, gramme
    2. to overcome, to subdue, to overthrow
    3. to restrain
    4. to be able to

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 이길 (igil geuk))

    1. Hanja form? of (to win; to beat; able; competent).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: khắc

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.