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See also:
U+514B, 克
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-514B

[U+514A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+514C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 10, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十口竹山 (JRHU), four-corner 40216, composition or ⿱ or ⿳)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 263, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+514B

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
克-oracle.svg 克-bronze.svg 克-seal.svg 克-bigseal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰɯːɡ
*kʰɯːɡ
*kʰɯːɡ

Unclear.

Also Simplified from .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
gram
Short for 克蘭姆克兰姆, from French gramme.
Tibetan measuring vessel, Tibetan volume unit, Tibetan area unit
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khiak/khek - literary;
  • khat - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (29)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ke
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰˤək/
    English carry; able; dominate

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7480
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰɯːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to be competent
    2. to win
    3. to encroach on
    4. to restrain
    5. to finish
    6. be able to
    7. to skimp
    8. to agree on
    9. harsh
    10. Alternative form of (, “to know”).
    11. to digest
    12. gram
    13. a Tibetan measuring vessel
    14. a Tibetan volume unit
    15. a Tibetan area unit
    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to overcome; to subdue; to overthrow; to restrain; to cut down; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. gram, gramme
    2. to overcome, to subdue, to overthrow
    3. to restrain
    4. to be able to

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (geuk) (hangeul , revised geuk, McCune–Reischauer kŭk)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khắc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.