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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
克-oracle.svg 克-bronze.svg 克-bigseal.svg 克-seal.svg





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Unclear – similar origin to , with additional stroke at top, now a (cross).

Also Simplified from .

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十口竹山 (JRHU), four-corner 40216, composition or ⿱ or ⿳)

  1. transliteration for /k/ or /ko/
  2. gram, gramme
  3. to overcome, to subdue, to overthrow
  4. to restrain
  5. to be able to
  6. Ke (c. 2000 BC), the seventh of the legendary Flame Emperors (炎帝, Yándì) descended from the farmer god Shennong

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 263, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+514B

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰək̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰək̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ke
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khok ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˤək/
English carry; able; dominate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7480
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯːɡ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. gram
Compounds[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. gram, gramme
  2. to overcome, to subdue, to overthrow
  3. to restrain
  4. to be able to

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geuk) (hangeul , revised geuk, McCune-Reischauer kŭk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khắc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.