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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (fish) + phonetic 

A kind of fish.

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿手 (NFTQ), four-corner 28351, composition)

  1. fresh, new, delicious
  2. rare, few

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1470, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2002, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4688, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9BAE

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鮮), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 相然切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇn/ /si̯ɛn/ /siɛn/ /siɛn/ /sian/ /sĭɛn/ /sjæn/
Character (鮮), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 息淺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇnX/ /si̯ɛnX/ /siɛnX/ /siɛnX/ /sianX/ /sĭɛnX/ /sjænX/
Character (鮮), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 私箭切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇnH/ /si̯ɛnH/ /siɛnH/ /siɛnH/ /sianH/ /sĭɛnH/ /sjænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiān ‹ sjen › /*[s][a]r/ fresh; good
xiān ‹ sjen › /*s[a]r/ 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi
xiǎn ‹ sjenX › /*[s][e]rʔ/ rare, few

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13490 2 /*sen/ 說文羴省聲
13492 2 /*senʔ/ 說文羴省聲
13496 2 /*sens/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 鮮好 (せんこう, senkō)
  • 鮮少 (せんしょう, senshō)
  • 鮮色 (せんしょく, senshoku)
  • 鮮食 (せんしょく, senshoku)
  • 鮮飾 (せんしょく, senshoku)
  • 鮮新 (せんしん, senshin)
  • 鮮盛 (せんせい, sensei)
  • 鮮腆 (せんてん, senten)
  • 鮮白 (せんびゃく, senbyaku)
  • 鮮美 (せんび, senbi)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seon, McCune-Reischauer: sŏn, Yale: sen)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.