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U+9BAE, 鮮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BAE

[U+9BAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BAF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195, +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿手 (NFTQ), four-corner 28351, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1470, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2002, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4688, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9BAE

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sen, *senʔ, *sens
*sen, *senʔ
*senʔ
*senʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sen, *senʔ, *sens): semantic  (fish) + phonetic  (OC *qʰreːn, *qʰljen).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Note:
  • chiĕng - vernacular;
  • siĕng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhiⁿ - vernacular;
    • sian - literary;
    • sián - alternative literary, used in some compounds (e.g. 鮮美).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕian⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕian²¹/
    Jinan /ɕiã²¹³/
    Qingdao /siã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ayan²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕiã²¹/
    Xining /ɕiã⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ɕian⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /ɕian⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕyan⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ɕyen³¹/
    Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
    Suzhou /siɪ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /ɕiɛ³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕie³¹/
    /ɕye³¹/
    Tunxi /siɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /siẽ³³/
    Xiangtan /siẽ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sien⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sien³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sin⁵³/
    Nanning /ɬin⁵⁵/
    /ɬin³⁵/
    Hong Kong /sin⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sian⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰĩ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/ 朝~
    /si²³/ 新~

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sian/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiān xiān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjen › ‹ sjen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s][a]r/ /*s[a]r/
    English fresh; good 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 13490
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sen/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. live fish; aquatic food
    2. fresh food; delicious food
    3. fresh; not stale
    4. new; recent
    5. clear; vivid
    6. brightly coloured; gaily coloured
    7. delicious; tasty
    8. special; peculiar
    9. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    variant forms



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjænX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sianX/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiǎn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjenX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s][e]rʔ/
    English rare, few

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 13492
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*senʔ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. rare; little
    2. rarely; infrequently
    3. to lack; to be short of

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    trad.
    simp.


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /siɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /siɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 13496
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sens/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (xiàn, “to offer; to present”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (seon)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: seon, McCune–Reischauer: sŏn, Yale: sen)
      • Name (hangeul): 고울
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tiên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.