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U+9BAE, 鮮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9BAE

[U+9BAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9BAF]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿手 (NFTQ), four-corner 28351, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1470, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2002, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4688, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9BAE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sen, *senʔ, *sens
*sen, *senʔ
*senʔ
*senʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sen, *senʔ, *sens): semantic (fish) + phonetic (OC *qʰreːn, *qʰljen) – a kind of fish.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chiĕng - vernacular;
  • siĕng - literary.
Note:
  • chhiⁿ - vernacular;
  • sian - literary;
  • sián - alternative literary, used in some compounds (e.g. 鮮美).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian²¹/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹³/
Qingdao /siã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ayan²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiã²¹/
Xining /ɕiã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕyen³¹/
Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /siɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ɕiɛ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³¹/
/ɕye³¹/
Tunxi /siɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /siẽ³³/
Xiangtan /siẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sien⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sin⁵³/
Nanning /ɬin⁵⁵/
/ɬin³⁵/
Hong Kong /sin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sian⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰĩ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/ 朝~
/si²³/ 新~

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sian/
Li
Rong
/siɛn/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiān xiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjen › ‹ sjen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s][a]r/ /*s[a]r/
English fresh; good 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 13490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sen/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. live fish; aquatic food
  2. fresh food; delicious food
  3. fresh; not stale
  4. new; recent
  5. clear; vivid
  6. brightly coloured; gaily coloured
  7. delicious; tasty
  8. special; peculiar
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sianX/
Li
Rong
/siɛnX/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s][e]rʔ/
English rare, few

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 13492
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*senʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. rare; little
  2. rarely; infrequently
  3. to lack; to be short of

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (16)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sianH/
Li
Rong
/siɛnH/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 13496
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sens/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (xiàn, “to offer; to present”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seon, McCune-Reischauer: sŏn, Yale: sen)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.