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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sen, *senʔ, *sens): semantic  ‎(fish) + phonetic  ‎(OC *qʰreːn, *qʰljen)

A kind of fish.

Han character[edit]

(radical 195 +6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿手 (NFTQ), four-corner 28351, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1470, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2002, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4688, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9BAE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕian²¹/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹³/
Qingdao /siã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ayan²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiã²¹/
Xining /ɕiã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɕian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕyen³¹/
Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /siɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ɕiɛ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³¹/
/ɕye³¹/
Tunxi /siɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /siẽ³³/
Xiangtan /siẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sien⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sin⁵³/
Nanning /ɬin⁵⁵/
/ɬin³⁵/
Hong Kong /sin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sian⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰieŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰĩ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sin³¹/ 朝~
/si²³/ 新~

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (16) (16) (16)
Final () (77) (77) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇn/ /siᴇnX/ /siᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛn/ /siɛnX/ /siɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæn/ /sjænX/ /sjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sian/ /sianX/ /sianH/
Li
Rong
/siɛn/ /siɛnX/ /siɛnH/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛn/ /sĭɛnX/ /sĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛn/ /si̯ɛnX/ /si̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiān xiǎn xiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiān xiān xiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sjen › ‹ sjen › ‹ sjenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s][a]r/ /*s[a]r/ /*[s][e]rʔ/
English fresh; good 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi rare, few

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 13490 13492 13496
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sen/ /*senʔ/ /*sens/
Notes

Adjective[edit]

  1. fresh
  2. new
  3. delicious
  4. rare, few

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 新鮮 ‎(しんせん, shinsen)
  • 鮮衣 ‎(せんい, sen'i)
  • 鮮花 ‎(せんか, senka)
  • 鮮華 ‎(せんか, senka)
  • 鮮暉 ‎(せんき, senki)
  • 鮮輝 ‎(せんき, senki)
  • 鮮魚 ‎(せんぎょ, sengyo)
  • 鮮血 ‎(せんけつ, senketsu)
  • 鮮潔 ‎(せんけつ, senketsu)
  • 鮮妍 ‎(せんけん, senken)
  • 鮮好 ‎(せんこう, senkō)
  • 鮮少 ‎(せんしょう, senshō)
  • 鮮色 ‎(せんしょく, senshoku)
  • 鮮食 ‎(せんしょく, senshoku)
  • 鮮飾 ‎(せんしょく, senshoku)
  • 鮮新 ‎(せんしん, senshin)
  • 鮮盛 ‎(せんせい, sensei)
  • 鮮腆 ‎(せんてん, senten)
  • 鮮白 ‎(せんびゃく, senbyaku)
  • 鮮美 ‎(せんび, senbi)
  • 鮮媚 ‎(せんび, senbi)
  • 鮮肥 ‎(せんぴ, senpi)
  • 鮮卑 ‎(せんぴ, senpi)
  • 鮮明 ‎(せんめい, senmei)
  • 鮮耀 ‎(せんよう, sen'yō)
  • 鮮麗 ‎(せんれい, senrei)
  • 朝鮮 ‎(ちょうせん, chōsen)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seon, McCune-Reischauer: sŏn, Yale: sen)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.