조선

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Jeju[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 朝鮮, cognate with mainland Korean 조선 (joseon).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

조선 (Joseon)

  1. (historical) Joseon
  2. (rare) Korea
  3. (rare) North Korea

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 朝鮮

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Joseon
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Joseon
McCune–Reischauer?Chosŏn
Yale Romanization?Cosen

Proper noun[edit]

조선 (Joseon) (hanja 朝鮮)

  1. (North Korea, China, Japan, dated or humorous in South Korea) Korea (a country in East Asia, now divided into North Korea and South Korea)
    Synonym: (South Korean) 한국(韓國) (Han-guk)
  2. (historical) Korea under the Joseon dynasty (1392 C.E. — 1910 C.E.) and Japanese colonial rule (1910 C.E. — 1945 C.E.)
  3. (North Korea, China, Japan) Short for 조선민주주의인민공화국(朝鮮民主主義人民共和國) (Joseonminjujuuiinmin-gonghwaguk, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea).
  4. (uncommon) Synonym of 고조선(古朝鮮) (Gojoseon, Gojoseon).
Usage notes[edit]
  • 조선 (朝鮮, Joseon) was the official name of Korea from 1394 to 1897, the de facto name from 1897 to 1910, and again the official name from 1910 to 1945 (though as a Japanese colony). When referring to Korea during these periods, all Koreans use the word 조선 (朝鮮, Joseon).
  • After Korea was divided in 1945, South Koreans have generally referred to Korea by the name 한국 (韓國, Han-guk), a shortening of South Korea's official name, 대한민국 (大韓民國, Daehanmin-guk, “Republic of Korea”), which is itself based on 대한제국 (大韓帝國, Daehanjeguk, “Empire of Korea”), the official name from 1897 to 1910.
  • Middle-aged and older speakers in South Korea may sometimes use 조선 (朝鮮, Joseon) to refer to contemporary Korea without any particular connotation. It is not used for contemporary contexts by younger speakers unless with a sarcastic, disparaging connotation (presumably due to association with North Korea and with old dynastic rule when Korea was weak).
  • North Korea preserves the name 조선 (朝鮮, Joseon) and uses it to refer to Korea in contemporary contexts. Accordingly, North Koreans will refer to South Korea as 남조선 (南朝鮮, Namjoseon, “South Joseon”).
  • For Koreans in China, 조선 (朝鮮, Joseon) usually refers specifically to North Korea, while South Korea is referred to as 한국 (韓國, Han-guk).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 造船

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈt͡ɕo̞(ː)sʰʌ̹n]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?joseon
Revised Romanization (translit.)?joseon
McCune–Reischauer?chosŏn
Yale Romanization?cōsen

Noun[edit]

조선 (joseon) (hanja 造船)

  1. shipbuilding
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 祖先

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?joseon
Revised Romanization (translit.)?joseon
McCune–Reischauer?chosŏn
Yale Romanization?cosen

Noun[edit]

조선 (joseon) (hanja 祖先)

  1. ancestor

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 釣船

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈt͡ɕo̞(ː)sʰʌ̹n]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?joseon
Revised Romanization (translit.)?joseon
McCune–Reischauer?chosŏn
Yale Romanization?cōsen

Noun[edit]

조선 (joseon) (hanja 釣船)

  1. fishing boat

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 漕船

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?joseon
Revised Romanization (translit.)?joseon
McCune–Reischauer?chosŏn
Yale Romanization?cosen

Noun[edit]

조선 (joseon) (hanja 漕船)

  1. cargo ship