朝鮮

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See also: 朝鲜

Chinese[edit]

 
morning; to face; towards; facing; direct; a dynasty; the imperial court; (abbr.) Korea, esp. N. Korea
few; rare; fresh
trad. (朝鮮)
simp. (朝鲜)
Wikipedia has articles on:
朝鮮 (Written Standard Chinese?)
朝鮮 (稱謂) (Written Standard Chinese?)
Names of Korea (English)

Etymology[edit]

Found in many pre-Qin dynasty [before 3rd century BCE] texts. The meaning of this term is uncertain; a common literal interpretation is “morning () calm ()”, and thus, Korea is also known as the “Land of the Morning Calm”.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/3
Initial () (9) (16)
Final () (92) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiᴇu/ /siᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚiɛu/ /siɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiæu/ /sjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiaw/ /sian/
Li
Rong
/ȶjɛu/ /siɛn/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭɛu/ /sĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯ɛu/ /si̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhāo xiān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhāo xiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjew › ‹ sjen ›
Old
Chinese
/*t<r>aw/ /*[s][a]r/
English morning fresh; good

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/3
No. 1309 13490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𪓙
Old
Chinese
/*r'ew/ /*sen/
Notes

Proper noun[edit]

朝鮮

  1. Korea (cultural concept)
  2. (historical) Gojoseon (ancient Korean kingdom)
  3. (王朝) (historical) Joseon (ancient Korean dynasty and state)
  4. (~民主主義人民共和國) North Korea (country)
  5. (~半島) Korean Peninsula

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ちょう
Grade: 2
せん
Grade: S
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Chinese 朝鮮

/teusen/ > /tjoːsen/, [tɕoːsen]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

朝鮮 (hiragana ちょうせん, rōmaji Chōsen, historical hiragana てうせん)

  1. Korea

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

朝鮮 (Joseon) (hangeul 조선)

  1. Hanja form? of 조선 (Joseon; Korea, especially North Korea).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Han characters[edit]

朝鮮

  1. Hán tự form of Triều Tiên, (“Korea”).