Jurchen

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Siberians capturing a reindeer

A modern reconstruction of the early Jurchen form of the name (likely actually *Jörcen),[1] attested in Chinese transcription as 竹里真 (Zhúlǐzhēn), pronounced Trjuwk-li-tsyin in Middle Chinese, and Khitan transcription as Julisen,[2] developed under the influence of Manchu Jurcit[1] and Mongolian Jürčid.[3] Vajda argues for a derivation from a Proto-Tungusic word meaning "reindeer people", cognate with the Orochs of Russia's Khabarovsk Province and the Oroks of Sakhalin.[4]

Noun[edit]

Jurchen (usually uncountable, plural Jurchens)

  1. (uncountable) A medieval and early modern Tungusic people, progenitors of the Manchus.
  2. (countable) An individual member of the Jurchen people.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Proper noun[edit]

Jurchen

  1. An extinct East Asian language (code jur), related to Manchu.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Janhunen, Juha. "From Choson to Jucher: On the Possibilities of Ethnonymic Continuity in Greater Manchuria", Studia Etymologica Cracoviensia, Vol. 9, Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press, 2004, pp. 67 ff.
  2. ^ Aisin Gioro Ulhicun & al. "Manchuria from the Fall of the Yuan to the Rise of the Manchu State (1368–1636)", Ritsumeikan Bungaku, No. 601, 2007, p. 12.
  3. ^ Hoong Teik Toh, Materials for a Geneaology of the Niohuru Clan with Introductory Remarks on Manchu Onomastics, Aetas Manjurica, No. 10, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 2005, 28.
  4. ^ Vajda, Edward. "Manchu (Jurchen)" for East Asian Studies 210: Introduction to Nomadic Cultures, Western Washington University, 2000.