高麗

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See also: 高丽

Chinese[edit]

high; tall beautiful; Korea
trad. (高麗)
simp. (高丽)

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (37) (37)
Final () (89) (11) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑu/ /liᴇ/ /leiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑu/ /liɛ/ /leiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/ /ljɛ/ /lɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaw/ /liə̆/ /lɛjH/
Li
Rong
/kɑu/ /lie/ /leiH/
Wang
Li
/kɑu/ /lǐe/ /lieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/ /lie̯/ /lieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kaw › ‹ lejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.[k]ˤaw/ /*[r]ˤe-s/
English high, tall symmetrical

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
No. 3726 7914 7917
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːw/ /*reːls/ /*rel/

Proper noun[edit]

高麗

  1. (historical) Goryeo

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

高麗

  1. (Min Nan) Korean ginseng

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう > こ
Grade: 2

Grade: S
Irregular

⟨ko2ma⟩ → */kwoma//koma/

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

Ultimate derivation unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

高麗 (hiragana こま, rōmaji koma-)

  1. indicates something that was originally imported via the Korean Peninsula
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

高麗 (hiragana こま, rōmaji Koma)

  1. (historical) the Goguryeo kingdom, located on the Korean Peninsula 37 BCE–668 CE
  2. (archaic) Korea, the Korean Peninsula (used more commonly in compounds than as a standalone term)
  3. (historical) a county in Saitama Prefecture (originally settled in the mid-600s CE by immigrants from the Korean Peninsula; abolished as an administrative entity in 1896)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
らい
Grade: S
on’yomi

Borrowing from Middle Korean. Cognate with modern Korean 고려 (goryeo) and English Korea.

Appears with this reading in The Pillow Book, completed in the early 1000s CE.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

高麗 (hiragana こうらい, rōmaji Kōrai, historical hiragana かうらい)

  1. (historical) the Goryeo kingdom, located on the Korean Peninsula 918–1392 CE
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3465), text [jti.lib.virginia.edu/japanese/manyoshu/Man14Yo.html#3465 here]
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Proper noun[edit]

高麗 (goryeo) (hangeul 고려)

  1. Hanja form? of 고려 (Goryeo).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

高麗

  1. Hán tự form of Cao Li, “Goryeo