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U+5B89, 安
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B89

[U+5B88]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B8A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
安-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 40, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十女 (JV), four-corner 30404, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 282, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7072
  • Dae Jaweon: page 552, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 913, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5B89

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms
𠕷
𭑨
𡚴
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
安-oracle.svg 安-bronze.svg 安-seal.svg 安-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːn
*qaːn
*qaːn
*qaːn
*qaːns
*qaːns
*qaːns
*qaːns
*qaːns, *qraːns
*qraːns
*qraːns
*qraːns
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (house) +  (a woman or a kneeling person) – person in a kneeling position sitting on the heels at home.

Etymology[edit]

A parallel stem is (OC *qeːns, “to be at ease; to rest”) (Wang, 1982; Schuessler, 2007).

Cognate with (OC *qaːns, “to push down with hand”), an exoactive derivative, literally “to cause to be settled; calmed” (ibid.).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • an - literary;
  • oaⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /an⁵⁵/
    Harbin /an⁴⁴/
    /nan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /nan²¹/
    Jinan /ŋã²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɣã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /an²⁴/
    Xi'an /ŋã²¹/
    Xining /nã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /an⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /an⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ŋan⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ŋan⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ŋan⁵⁵/
    /an⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /aŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʐæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɣæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /ŋɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ŋæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ø⁵³/
    Suzhou /ø⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /y³³/
    Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋan³³/
    Xiangtan /ŋan³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋɵn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /on⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /on²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ɔn⁵³/
    Nanning /ɔn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /ɔn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /an⁵⁵/
    /uã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /aŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /aŋ³³/
    /uã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /aŋ²³/
    /ua²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ān ān ān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ 'an › ‹ 'an › ‹ 'an ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/ /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/ /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/
    English peace(ful) how 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qaːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. calm; peaceful; tranquil; quiet
    2. comfortable; at ease
    3. safe; secure
    4. to calm; to pacify
    5. to feel satisfied with
    6. to find a place for; to plant
    7. to fit; to install
    8. to cherish; to harbour
    9. to confer (a title); to bestow; to put (the blame on someone)
    10. where
    11. how; why
    12. (physics) Short for 安培 (Ānpéi, “ampere”).
    13. A surname​.
      1. (historical) A surname given to people from the Arsacid or Parthian Empire (安息 or 安國安国)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese:  (あん) (an)
    • Korean: (, an)
    • Vietnamese: an ()

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. calm, peaceful
    2. safe, secure
    3. inexpensive
    4. (abbreviation): ammonium

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (an) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer an)

    1. Peace, peacefulness.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (an, yên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.