ăn

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Bahnar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bahnaric *ʔan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ăn

  1. to give

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *ʔan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ăn (𫗒, )

  1. to eat
    ăn thịt
    to eat meat; to be carnivorous
    ăn bánh
    to eat cakes
    ăn uống đầy bụng
    to eat and drink one's fill
    ăn chay
    to fast, to abstain from meat; to be vegetarian
  2. to dine; to feast, to attend a feast, to celebrate, to commemorate
    Có người mời ăn.
    Someone has invited you (us, them) to come over for a meal.
    ăn tết
    to feast for the new year; to celebrate the new year
    ăn giỗ
    to celebrate a death anniversary
  3. to eat with (a utensil)
    Người Âu Châu không quen ăn đũa.
    Europeans are unaccustomed to eating with chopsticks.
  4. to smoke (tobacco); to chew (tobacco, paan)
    Ông cụ ăn thuốc bà cụ ăn trầu.
    The old man smoked while his wife chewed paan.
  5. (literally and figuratively) to consume
    Xe này ăn tốn xăng.
    This car guzzles gas.
    Lò này ăn nhiều than.
    This oven consumes a lot of coal.
    Giấy ăn mực.
    The paper ate the ink. (The pen ran out of ink.)
    ăn da
    to consume skin; caustic
  6. to pick up (a passenger, cargo)
    Ô-tô ăn khách.
    The car picked up a passenger.
    Tàu ăn hàng.
    Cargo was loaded onto the ship.
  7. to endure (a punishment)
    ăn đòn
    to be spanked
    ăn đạn
    to be shot at
  8. to enjoy, to benefit from, to earn, to win (money, a salary, roses, a prize)
    ăn thừa tự
    to accept an inheritance
    ăn lương
    to earn a salary
    ăn giải
    to win a prize
    ăn hoa hồng
    to enjoy roses
    ăn giải
    to win a prize
  9. to empty into (a body of water)
    Sông ăn ra biển.
    The river empties into the sea.
  10. to be subordinated to; to belong to (an administrative area)
    Ruộng này ăn về xã tôi.
    These woods lie within my commune.
  11. to have an effect, to work
    Phanh này không ăn.
    The brakes don't work.
  12. to be equivalent to, to be worth (a quantity denominated in a smaller unit)
    Một cân ta ăn 600 gam.
    One traditional cân is equivalent to 600 grams.
    Hôm nay một đô la Mỹ ăn mười ba nghìn đồng Việt Nam.
    Today, one U.S. dollar is worth 3,000 Vietnamese dong.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]