ăn

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Bahnar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bahnaric *ʔan, from Proto-Bahnaric *ʔun ~ *ʔuun ~ *ʔuən ~ *ʔan ~ *ʔaan (to give). Cognate with Khmu [Cuang] ʔan and Proto-Katuic *ʔoon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ăn

  1. to give

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *ʔan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ăn (𫗒, )

  1. to eat
    ăn thịtto eat meat; to be carnivorous
    ăn bánhto eat cakes
    ăn uống đầy bụngto eat and drink one's fill
    ăn chayto go vegan
  2. (rare) Synonym of uống (to drink)
    ăn/uống sữato drink milk
    ăn sinh tốto drink a smoothie
  3. to dine; to feast, to attend a feast, to celebrate, to commemorate
    Có người mời ăn.
    Someone has invited you (us, them) to come over for a meal.
    ăn tếtto feast for the new year; to celebrate the new year
    ăn giỗto celebrate a death anniversary
  4. to eat with (a utensil)
    Người Âu Châu không quen ăn đũa.
    Europeans are unaccustomed to eating with chopsticks.
  5. to smoke (tobacco); to chew (tobacco, paan)
    Ông cụ ăn thuốc bà cụ ăn trầu.
    The old man smoked while his wife chewed paan.
  6. (literally and figuratively) to consume
    Xe này ăn tốn xăng.
    This car guzzles gas.
    Lò này ăn nhiều than.
    This oven consumes a lot of coal.
    Giấy ăn mực.
    The paper ate the ink. (The pen ran out of ink.)
    ăn dato consume skin; caustic
  7. to pick up (a passenger, cargo)
    Ô-tô ăn khách.
    The car picked up a passenger.
    Tàu ăn hàng.
    Cargo was loaded onto the ship.
  8. to endure (a punishment)
    ăn đònto be spanked
    ăn đạnto be shot at
  9. to enjoy, to benefit from, to earn, to win (money, a salary, roses, a prize)
    ăn thừa tựto accept an inheritance
    ăn lươngto earn a salary
    ăn hoa hồngto enjoy roses
    ăn giảito win a prize
  10. to empty into (a body of water)
    Sông ăn ra biển.
    The river empties into the sea.
  11. to be subordinated to; to belong to (an administrative area)
    Ruộng này ăn về xã tôi.
    These woods lie within my commune.
  12. to have an effect, to work
    Phanh này không ăn.
    The brakes don't work.
  13. to be equivalent to, to be worth (a quantity denominated in a smaller unit)
    Một cân ta ăn 600 gam.
    One traditional cân is equivalent to 600 grams.
    Hôm nay một đô la Mỹ ăn mười ba nghìn đồng Việt Nam.
    Today, one U.S. dollar is worth 13,000 Vietnamese dong.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

References[edit]