安全

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese

[edit]
content; calm; still
content; calm; still; quiet; to pacify; peace; how
 
all; whole; entire
all; whole; entire; every; complete
 
trad. (安全)
simp. #(安全)

Pronunciation

[edit]

Note:
  • uan1 cuêng5 - Chaozhou;
  • uan1 cuang5 - Jieyang.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (34) (15)
Final () (61) (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Baxter 'an dzjwen
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɑn/ /d͡ziuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɑn/ /d͡zʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑn/ /d͡zjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔan/ /d͡zwian/
Li
Rong
/ʔɑn/ /d͡ziuɛn/
Wang
Li
/ɑn/ /d͡zĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑn/ /d͡zʱi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ān quán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
on1 cyun4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ān ān ān quán
Middle
Chinese
‹ 'an › ‹ 'an › ‹ 'an › ‹ dzjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ]ˁa[n]/ /*[ʔ]ˁa[n]/ /*[ʔ]ˁa[n]/ /*[dz]o[n]/
English peace(ful) how 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty) complete (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11 10718
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qaːn/ /*zlon/

Adjective

[edit]

安全

  1. safe; secure
    安全通道  ―  ānquán tōngdào  ―  safe passage
    認為中國旅遊安全 [MSC, trad.]
    认为中国旅游安全 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā rènwéi zài Zhōngguó lǚyóu hěn ānquán. [Pinyin]
    He thinks travelling in China is very safe.
  2. (neologism, of a person) unattractive; ugly

Synonyms

[edit]

Antonyms

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

安全

  1. safety; security
    安全第一  ―  ānquán dìyī  ―  safety comes first
    確保安全确保安全  ―  quèbǎo ānquán  ―  to ensure safety
    安全保障  ―  ānquán bǎozhàng  ―  security assurance
    安全檢查安全检查  ―  ānquán jiǎnchá  ―  security check
    安全須知安全须知  ―  ānquán xūzhī  ―  safety instructions
    職業健康安全职业健康安全  ―  zhíyè jiànkāng ānquán  ―  occupational health and safety
    注意安全  ―  zhùyì ānquán  ―  to take care; to be safe
    達到高效穩定安全 [MSC, trad.]
    达到高效稳定安全 [MSC, simp.]
    dádào gāoxiào, wěndìng, ānquán [Pinyin]
    to achieve a high level of efficiency, stability, and security
    食品安全和諧萬家 [MSC, trad.]
    食品安全和谐万家 [MSC, simp.]
    Shípǐn ānquán, héxié wànjiā. [Pinyin]
    Safe food, safe community.
    注意行車安全 [MSC, trad.]
    注意行车安全 [MSC, simp.]
    Qǐng zhùyì xíngchē ānquán. [Pinyin]
    Please pay attention to road safety.

Verb

[edit]

安全

  1. (Classical) to keep in good repair; to maintain; to save from damage; to preserve

Proper noun

[edit]

安全

  1. () Anquan (a village in Wulipu, Shayang, Jingmen, Hubei, China)

Derived terms

[edit]

Descendants

[edit]
Sino-Xenic (安全):
  • Japanese: 安全(あんぜん) (anzen)
  • Korean: 안전(安全) (anjeon)
  • Vietnamese: an toàn (安全)

Others:

Japanese

[edit]
Kanji in this term
あん
Grade: 3
ぜん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation

[edit]

Adjective

[edit]

(あん)(ぜん) (anzen-na (adnominal (あん)(ぜん) (anzen na), adverbial (あん)(ぜん) (anzen ni))

  1. safe; secure

Inflection

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

(あん)(ぜん) (anzen

  1. safety; security
    • 2010 December 8, Hideaki Sorachi, “(だい)(さん)(びゃく)()(じゅう)()(くん) ()()あることは(さん)()ある [Lesson 322: Twice, Thrice That There Are]”, in [銀](ぎん)[魂](たま) [Silver Soul], volume 37 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      (しん)(ぱい)すんな (やつ)()(すい)(ちゅう)から(あん)(ぜん)(かく)()する(やく)()だ (おれ)はインセプションから(あん)(ぜん)(かく)()する(あと)(たの)んだぞ
      Shinpaisun na Yatsura wa suichū kara anzen o kakuhosuru yakume da Ore wa Insepushon kara anzen o kakuhosuru ato wa tanon da zo
      Don’t sweat it man. They’re gonna be guaranteeing safety from inside the water. I’ll be guaranteeing safety from inside Inception.
      ただ()くさってるだけだろーが バカプリオ‼
      Tada ne kusatteru dake darō ga Baka-purio‼
      Aren’t you just taking a nap, Dick-aprio!?

Antonyms

[edit]

Derived terms

[edit]

References

[edit]
  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

[edit]
Hanja in this term

Noun

[edit]

安全 (anjeon) (hangeul 안전)

  1. Hanja form? of 안전 (safety).

Vietnamese

[edit]
chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

[edit]

安全

  1. chữ Hán form of an toàn (safety).