安全

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Chinese[edit]

 
content; calm; still; quiet; to pacify; peace; how
 
all; whole; entire; every; complete
simp. and trad.
(安全)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (安全, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑn/ /ʔɑn/ /ʔɑn/ /ʔɑn/ /ʔan/ /ɑn/ /ʔɑn/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziuᴇn/ /d͡zʱi̯wɛn/ /d͡ziuɛn/ /d͡zʷiɛn/ /d͡zwian/ /d͡zĭwɛn/ /d͡zjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (安全, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ān ‹ ʔan › /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/ peace(ful)
ān ‹ ʔan › /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/ how
ān ‹ ʔan › /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/ 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)
quán ‹ dzjwen › /*[dz]o[n]/ complete (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11 1 /*qaːn/
10718 3 /*zlon/

Adjective[edit]

安全

  1. safe; secure

Noun[edit]

安全

  1. safety; security
    職業健康安全 / 职业健康安全  ―  zhíyè jiànkāng ānquán  ―  occupational health and safety
    注意安全  ―  zhùyì ānquán  ―  to take care

Verb[edit]

安全

  1. (literary) to keep in good repair; to maintain; to save from damage; to preserve

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (安全):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
あん
Grade: 3
ぜん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

安全 ‎(-na inflection, hiragana あんぜん, romaji anzen)

  1. safe; secure

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

安全 ‎(hiragana あんぜん, romaji anzen)

  1. safety; security
    • 2010 December 8, Hideaki Sorachi, “あることはさんある [Twice, Thrice That There Are]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 37 (in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-870145-5:
       (しん) (ぱい)すんな  (やつ) () (すい) (ちゅう)から (あん) (ぜん) (かく) ()する (やく) ()だ  (おれ)はインセプションから (あん) (ぜん) (かく) ()する (あと) (たの)んだぞ
      Shinpaisun na Yatsura wa suichū kara anzen o kakuhosuru yakume da Ore wa Insepushon kara anzen o kakuhosuru ato wa tanonda zo
      Don't sweat it man They're gonna guarantee safety from inside the water I'll be guaranteeing safety from inside Inception

      ただ ()くさってるだけだろーが バカプリオ‼
      Tada ne kusatteru dake darō ga Bakapurio‼
      Aren't you just taking a nap, Dickaprio!?

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

安全 ‎(anjeon) ‎(hangeul 안전)

  1. Hanja form? of 안전, “safety”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

安全

  1. Hán tự form of an toàn, "safety"