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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
村-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sʰuːn): phonetic  ‎(OC *sʰuːns) + semantic  ‎(hand) – to strike with the hand, to spank or scold.

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 木木戈 (DDI), four-corner 44900, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 511, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14464
  • Dae Jaweon: page 896, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1158, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6751

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (14)
Final: (55)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: cūn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰuən/ /t͡sʰuon/ /t͡sʰuən/ /t͡sʰwən/ /t͡sʰuən/ /t͡sʰuən/ /t͡sʰuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1910 2 /*sʰuːn/

Noun[edit]

  1. village, hamlet
    /   ―  nóngcūn  ―  rural area, village, countryside
    /   ―  xiāngcūn  ―  rural area, village, countryside

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. rustic, boorish, uncouth, vulgar (attributive)

Verb[edit]

  1. (archaic) scold

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. village

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Frequently found as part of a surname, with reading むら ‎(mura), as in 村上 (むらかみ) ‎(Murakami).

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
むら
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with ‎(mura, gathering).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana むら, romaji mura)

  1. village

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'on, Yale: chon)
  • Name (hangeul): 마을 (revised: maeul, McCune-Reischauer: maŭl, Yale: maul)
  1. Hanja form? of , “village”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thôn, thon, thun, chon, chôn, thuôn, thuốn, xóm)

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