あれ

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spellings
彼れ

From older kareare. Compound of (a, that, yon) +‎ (-re, nominalizing suffix for demonstratives).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

あれ (rōmaji are)

  1. distal demonstrative, something far off removed from both speaker and listener: that, yon
    1. (deictically) that one over there (far from the speaker and the addressee)
    2. (anaphorically) that one we both know (both the speaker and the addressee know)
  2. third person pronoun: he, she, it
  3. second person pronoun: you
  4. a euphemism for sex: it
Usage notes[edit]
  • Indicates something far off, removed from both speaker and addressee. Contrast with それ (sore), indicating something removed from the speaker but closer to the addressee.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

あれ (rōmaji are)

  1. huh? (expression of surprise and confusion when talking to yourself)

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of あれ – see the following entry at 荒れ.
あれ【荒れ】
[noun]stormy weather, tempest, chaps (of skin)
(This term, あれ, is a hiragana spelling of 荒れ.)

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative spellings

The long form of (a, I, me). From (a) +‎ (-re, nominalizing suffix)

Fell into disuse in roughly the Heian period,[1] when it was replaced by われ (ware).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

あれ (rōmaji are)

  1. (obsolete) first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    • c. 10011014, Murasaki Shikibu, Genji Monogatari (Yume no Ukihashi)
      ...と、聞こえ動かして、几帳のもとに、おし寄せたてまつりたれば、あれにもあらず、居給へるけはい...
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN