Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+CD0C, 촌
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:c-h-s

Hangul Syllables

쳬 ←→ 촤



  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [t͡ɕʰo̞(ː)n]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Revised Romanization?chon
Revised Romanization (translit.)?chon
Yale Romanization?chōn

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: chwòn).


(chon) (hanja )

  1. village
    Synonym: 마을 (ma'eul)
  2. countryside; country; rural area
    Synonym: 시골 (sigol)
Derived terms[edit]


—촌 (-chon) (hanja )

  1. town; area
    광산 (鑛山)gwangsanchon mining town
    대학 (大學)daehakchon college town

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 촌〯 (Yale: chwǒn).


(chon) (hanja )

  1. degree of kinship in Korean culture
  2. (units of measure, rare) Synonym of (chi): the chi or Korean inch.
  3. (units of measure, rare) Synonym of (don): the don, a small unit of weight.
Usage notes[edit]

In Korean culture, the relationship between a parent and a child constitutes a single degree of kinship. Thus one’s uncle or aunt is three degrees of kinship (self to parent; parent to grandparent; grandparent to uncle or aunt) removed from oneself, and one’s cousin is four degrees away (uncle or aunt to cousin).

Degrees of kinship are used to conceptualize the relatedness of relatives who are neither siblings nor directly descended from one another. Thus, while both siblings and grandparents are technically two degrees of kinship away from oneself, they are never referred to as such.

As this form of conceptualizing kinship is absent in China and has existed in Korea since before extensive Chinese influence on the family structure began in the fifteenth century, this Sino-Korean word presumably displaced a native Korean term.

Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]


  • in dictionaries at