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U+CE58, 치
HANGUL SYLLABLE CI
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:c-l

[U+CE57]
Hangul Syllables
[U+CE59]




츼 ←→ 카
See also: -치

Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?chi
Revised Romanization (translit.)?chi
McCune–Reischauer?ch'i
Yale Romanization?chi

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Neung-eomgyeong eonhae (楞嚴經諺解 / 능엄경언해), 1461, as Middle Korean  (Yale: chi).

Dependent noun[edit]

(chi)

  1. (after a time or number of people) -'s worth of
    월급se dal chi wolgeupthree months' worth of salary
  2. (dated, derogatory, after an adnominal or determiner) person
    Synonym: (nom)

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (foolish, stupid).

Noun[edit]

(chi) (hanja )

  1. (Buddhism) moha, delusion, ignorance

Suffix[edit]

—치 (-chi) (hanja )

  1. someone who is terrible at...
    (gil, road) + ‎ (-chi) → ‎길치 (gilchi, someone with no sense of directions)
    기계 (gigye, machine) + ‎ (-chi) → ‎기계치 (gigyechi, someone who is terrible with electronics)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (tooth).

Noun[edit]

(chi)

  1. Only used in 치를 떨다 (chi-reul tteolda) and 치가 떨리다 (chi-ga tteollida).

Affix[edit]

(chi)

  1. tooth, teeth
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Of native Korean origin.

Counter[edit]

(chi)

  1. (unit of measure) a chi or Korean inch, traditional unit of length equivalent to about 3.03 cm; nowadays most often used in idiomatic expressions.
    Synonym: 촌(寸) (chon)
Derived terms[edit]
  • 세치 혀 (sechi hyeo, silver tongue, lip service, literally three-inch tongue)
  • 한 치 앞도 모르다 (han chi apdo moreuda, to not know anything about the future, literally to not know what is one inch in front)

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (value).

Noun[edit]

(chi) (hanja )

  1. (mathematics, dated) Synonym of (gap, value).

Suffix[edit]

—치 (-chi) (hanja )

  1. value
    계산 (gyesan, calculation) + ‎ (-chi) → ‎계산치 (gyesanchi, calculated value)
    측정 (cheukjeong, measurement) + ‎ (-chi) → ‎측정치 (cheukjeongchi, measured value)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters, from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: chi). Note that in many cases, the Middle Korean form is not attested and the form is reconstructed based on Middle Chinese and modern Korean correspondences.

Syllable[edit]

(chi)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰɨX))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰɨH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰiᴇX))
  4. :
    (MC reading: )
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰɨ))
  6. :
    (MC reading: )
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰiᴇX))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇH))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕiᴇ))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕɨX, d͡ʑɨX, ɖɨX))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰiɪH))
  12. :
    (MC reading: )
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC zˠiɪX, ɖˠiɪX, tʰeiH))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃɨ))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiᴇX, ɕiᴇX))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ʃɨ))
  17. :
    (MC reading: )
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰiɪ))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC t͡ɕʰiɪ))

Etymology 7[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters, from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: thi). In Early Modern Korean, and in the contemporary Pyong'an and Yukjin dialects, these are traditionally still read as (ti).

Note that in many cases, the Middle Korean (or Early Modern or Pyong'an) form is not attested, and the form is reconstructed based on Middle Chinese and modern Korean correspondences.

Syllable[edit]

(chi)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨ, ɖˠiɪH, ɖɨH))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈɨH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: )
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈˠiɪH))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰɨX))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨX))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪX))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiɪH))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiᴇ))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰɨ))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨX))
  13. :
    (MC reading: )
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʈʰˠiɪ))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC zˠiɪX, ɖˠiɪX, tʰeiH))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiᴇ, ɖˠiᴇX, ʈʰˠiᴇX, ʈʰɨX))
  17. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiᴇX, ɖˠɛX))
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖɨX))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɖˠiᴇX, ɕiᴇX))